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Chm 2120 Final Exam

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II

Need to study the following:

- Reasonance Criteria:
  • All atoms have full octets
  • Fewest charges
  • (-) on electronegative atom, (+) on the electropositive atom
  • Max sepsration of identical charges
  • Min separation of opposite charges
- Acid (proton donor/electron acceptor)
- Base (proton acceptor/electron donor)
- Direction of Equilibrium
- SN2, E2, SN1/E1 Reactions
- Electrophilic Addition to alkenes
- Epoxides
- Nucleophile: donates electrons
- Electrophile: accepts electrons
- Memorize pKa's
- Nonmenclature (functional groups and benzene/common names)
- Aromatic Compounds (What makes a ring aromatic)
- Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution (EAS)
- Memorize the following mechanisms for these reactions:
  • Nitration
  • Sulfonation
  • Halogenation
  • Friedel-Crafts Alkylation
  • Friedel-Crafts Acylation
- Ortho-Para directing groups:
  • Activating Substituents
  • Halides
- Meta directors
- Memorize manipulation of aromatic substituents
- Side chain modifications
- Synthesis
- IR & NMR

Carbonyl Chemistry:

- Oxidation of alcohols
- Strongly Nucleophilic Conditions
- Acetals
- Wittig Reactions (E: trans, Z: cis)
- Baeyer-Villiger Oxidation
- Enols and Enolates
- Equilibrium is catalyzed by acid or base
  • Halogen
  • Alkyl Halide
  • Aldehyde or Ketones (ALDOL)
- ALDOL (Self and Crossed Condensation)
- Esterification
- Fischer Esterification
- Ester hydrolysis (saponification)
- Acid Chlorides
- Andydrides

Looks like I have a lot ahead of me before friday

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