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Are there any server OS's that can run off of a flashdrive?

post #1 of 39
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What the title says.. I have been trying to get freeNAS to boot off of a flashdrive for the past 3 hours with frustratingly no results to show.... Are there any other (preferably free) OS's that would work? I am completely new to server stuff, but all of my hardware is ready and waiting!!
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post #2 of 39
The only way would be with a linux distro

Have a look at knoppix.

Comps
post #3 of 39
I did the same thing yesterday/saturday: trying to use dd (for windows) to write the FreeNAS image to a thumb drive. Tried everything trick I could think of, couldn't get it to work. Finally I used the ISO to boot into FreeNAS then use the menus that popup to "install" it to the embedded version to the thumb drive.

Works perfectly fine booting from the thumb drive now. FreeNAS seems to work a little differently than Linux, at least in my experience, when it comes to stuff like this.

And now that FreeNAS has been successfully written to this thumb drive dd in Windows would probably work successfully. That's the way it was about 9 months ago (the last time I was trying to experiment with FreeNAS). Doesn't do me much good now. And it would go back to not working if I used Windows to format the thumb drive.

Anyway that's how I got it to work.

And actually FreeNAS at least seems to live auto-detect the hardware every time it is booted and be able to save changes back to the drive. Live CD Linux things, on the other hand, that are adapted to work on flash drives, seem to act like CDs and not write changes back to the disk. Or perhaps I'm missing something.
 
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post #4 of 39
The dissimilarities between FreeNAS and Linux, is that FreeNAS is running on a BSD core, not linux. Though I found it quite easy to set up, the installer is very helpful.

If you want a more easy form of storage, but would still like to save on a flash medium, get a cheap IDE to CF adapter. As far as the OS is concerned, it's just a drive afaik.
    
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post #5 of 39
Well I realize FreeBSD and Linux have different kernels/origins/dev teams, I was just trying to say I couldn't find a Linux distro that could boot from a thumb drive, be hardware independent and have the ability to write changes to disk/flash drive. Any two of those things, but not all three. One advantage I think FreeNAS has over the Linux distros I found.

Again, maybe I'm missing something. I searched and i searched.

You can actually install Ubuntu server to flash drive, sure, but it will freak out if you plug that into a different PC with different hardware.

And you can "install" a live CD to a thumb drive but it will not let you write config changes to the actual OS/etc. It will act like it's a CD despite the writable medium...

I'd love to be proven wrong. If you can name a linux distro will three of those characteristics (write to OS/data partition(s), hardware independent, boot from usb thumb drive) please, I implore you, post it!!
 
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post #6 of 39
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post #7 of 39
Lunix has a free one you can download to a usb stick or flash drive cald ubuntu server? not sure i spelled that right...
Edited by adamxxxaxdxaxm - 7/11/11 at 3:29pm
post #8 of 39
Quote:
Originally Posted by adamxxxaxdxaxm View Post
Lunix has a free one you can download to a usb stick or flash drive cald untubu server? not sure i spelled that right...
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post #9 of 39
post #10 of 39
I should probably apologize for possibly hijacking the thread. I think we're still sort of on topic.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Tiger S. View Post
As mentioned above that is taking an ISO and adapting it to boot from a different device like a thumb drive. You cannot make and save changes to the thumb drive.

For instance if you used UNetbootin make a usb thumb drive bootable via a particular ISO, booted it and brought up Firefox and saved a bookmark/updated firefox/whatever...then say shutdown the system and booted it up again or plugged it into another PC and booted it up the bookmark addition and firefox update would not be persistent. You'd be back to the original Firefox version with the original default set of bookmarks.

That's what I have found in my obsessive compulsive hours of searching and experimenting with different solutions. I'd be happy to be proven wrong. Speaking of which...

Quote:
Fedora.
Ok now this I actually found interesting. It's kind of like the UNetbootin thing above (ISO boot on a thumb drive) except
Quote:
The Live USB stick can feature an area to store changes to the system, called a persistent overlay.
I just wish Linux could boot up the way FreeNAS does instead of sorta/kinda/hack. I wonder if that sort of solution is available to CentOS...


And I mentioned Ubuntu server. Which can be installed to a USB thumb drive. I also mentioned you can't then take that thumb drive and boot it off of a different PC. The OS will freak out and kernel panic or simply never finish booting (I tried it )
 
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Intel Ivy Bridge Core i7-3630QM nVidia GeForce GTX 680M 16GB DDR3 1600MHz Dual Channel Memory (2 SODIMMS) Hard Drive: Serial-ATA II 3GB/s 
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Hard Drive: Serial-ATA II 3GB/s Windows 10 Pro x64 17.3" FHD 16:9 (1920x1080) Battery: Smart Li-ion Battery (8-Cell) 
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Sound Blaster Compatible 3D Audio 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core i7 860 Biostar T5 XE Radeon HD 5870 Corsair 16GB  
Hard DriveHard DriveOptical DriveOS
Western Digital hard drive wd1001fals-00e8b0 Maxtor 300GB I don't need no stinking optical drive Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate x64 
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HP ZR24w 24'' Samsung SyncMaster 24" logitech wireless k360 Seventeam ST-850ZAF 850W ATX 
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Intel Ivy Bridge Core i7-3630QM nVidia GeForce GTX 680M 16GB DDR3 1600MHz Dual Channel Memory (2 SODIMMS) Hard Drive: Serial-ATA II 3GB/s 
Hard DriveOSMonitorPower
Hard Drive: Serial-ATA II 3GB/s Windows 10 Pro x64 17.3" FHD 16:9 (1920x1080) Battery: Smart Li-ion Battery (8-Cell) 
Audio
Sound Blaster Compatible 3D Audio 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core i7 860 Biostar T5 XE Radeon HD 5870 Corsair 16GB  
Hard DriveHard DriveOptical DriveOS
Western Digital hard drive wd1001fals-00e8b0 Maxtor 300GB I don't need no stinking optical drive Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate x64 
MonitorMonitorKeyboardPower
HP ZR24w 24'' Samsung SyncMaster 24" logitech wireless k360 Seventeam ST-850ZAF 850W ATX 
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Thermaltake V9 Black Edition Logitech G500 Programmable Gaming Mouse FiiO E7 USB DAC and Portable Headphone Amplifier Sennheiser HD555 Professional Headphones 
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