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Help with Various Switches

post #1 of 9
Thread Starter 
So I am currently looking to upgrade my office to 10/100/1000 speeds by starting with new switches. I will need two one that connects to the server, and then to various computers, as well as connect to another switch which will be connected to 2-3 more computers.

My issue is that a switch like this:
http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833122146

only offers 1000 speeds to the uplink ports, whereas something like this:
http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833124417

has 5 ports that are at 1000 speeds. Since I will need two switches, I only need one with uplink capabilities of 1000, correct?? and Since the first one has 24 ports that are 10/100, it wont even distribute the 1000 speed to the computers, it can only read it?? Also does that mean I need a switch that has both 10/100/1000 ports and uplink ports as well??

Current Setup
Server -> Switch -> Switch (4-6 comps to this switch, router for internet) -> Hub (2-3 more computers).

The problem is that when opening files from Peachtree, it takes 2-3 minutes to load up the Folder with all the companies on a computer that is connected to a 2ndary switch.

Any help would be great, this is becomming a massive headache. Thanks for looking!
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Emac
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post #2 of 9
Would recommend getting something like this if your running into issues now with systems not on the hub(which is a whole other issue). Next you will need to make sure your wiring will support Gb speeds, so you may need at min CAT5E, ideally CAT6.
http://www.infinity-micro.com/ProdDisplay1.asp make sure when you get it, you get a SMARTNET contract also. This will also give you room for further expansion as it has 10Gb uplinks.
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post #3 of 9
Both need uplinks of 1000 to be able to have 1gbit of traffic between them. Most switches have 2 uplink ports, though its wise to double check.

Also, any server they are talking to will need to have a gigabit card in it, and be plugged into a gigibit port.

I would stay away from anything with 100mbit ports, as those devices are a bit obsolete these days as most computers for the past few years ship with gigabit ports in them.
post #4 of 9
Thread Starter 
Thanks for the responses, I know i will have to purchase 10/100/1000 network cards for all of the computers but that is not an issue. I currently have 10/100 and a whole box of Cat 5 wiring to make my own wires.

I essentially do not understand the purpose of the 1gig uplink ports, and what a switch without a uplink port but has speeds of 10/100/1000 can actually do without uplink ports?? (uplink ports are the ones that receive the information coming in, and transmits it to the rest of the non-uplink ports...correct?) So how is a switch without any uplink ports of any use?

Bratas: that link takes me to the main page, and I cant see which product you are referring to.
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post #5 of 9
Thread Starter 
Gurus, i need your 4 cents
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post #6 of 9
Each ethernet port has two transmit pins and two receive pins (the others are grounds, etc.). The transmit pins at one end have to be connected to the receive pins at the other end and vice versa. On older switchs (non-auto negotiating switches) uplink ports do not crossover the transmit and receive pins. These switches would be connected to each other with crossover cables. 1 Gb uplink ports on 100Mb switches were used as backbones to trunk switches together and intended to handle bandwidth demand. Modern gigabit switches are full auto negotiation. They sense the connection speed and adjust accordingly. They do not require crossovers to connect to other devices/switches. Cisco switches have uplink ports that can be configured as regular ports. You can also configure the standard Ethernet interfaces and trunk them together. A lot of systems now utilize fiber uplinks from switch to switch (assuming the distance between them justifies the need for fiber).
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post #7 of 9
Typically, switches only have dedicated uplink ports when they are faster than the rest of the ports in the switch. Ethernet over cat5 maxes out at 1000, so if all of the ports on the switch are 1000, they sometimes will not put uplink ports on it.

You can use any switch port to connect to another switch, they do not have to be uplinks.
post #8 of 9
Thread Starter 
thanks for the help, you all have been very informative, probably deciding to go with a

http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833129167 to connect to the server , main computers

and connect that to this: http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833124417

along with the secondary computers.
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post #9 of 9
Most SOHO switches won't have a dedicated uplink port. Any port can be used to connect the switch to an upstream network device.

Quote:
Originally Posted by ekw808 View Post
thanks for the help, you all have been very informative, probably deciding to go with a

http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833129167 to connect to the server , main computers

and connect that to this: http://www.newegg.com/Product/Produc...82E16833124417

along with the secondary computers.
Those look like pretty solid choices and will allow for a fully gigabit internal network. The SMC device is a managed switch. Do you need a switch with management capabilities? If not you can save some cash by going with an un-managed switch. Personally, I prefer to choose devices from the same manufacturer for the sake of consistency but that's just me.

You will want to use CAT5e or CAT6 cabling and obviously each machine will need a gig NIC to be able to communicate at gigabit speeds.
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