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Lots of Links for Linux users. (or any other OS)

post #1 of 13
Thread Starter 
This is just some links for people using/ interested/ studying Linux.

First of all, what is Linux? From Wikipedia.
Quote:
Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of any Linux system is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released October 5, 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Linux system distributions may vary in many details of system operation, configuration, and software package selections.

Linux runs on a wide variety of computer hardware, including mobile phones, tablet computers, network routers, televisions, video game consoles, desktop computers, mainframes and supercomputers. Linux is a leading server operating system, and runs the 10 fastest supercomputers in the world.

The development of Linux is one of the most prominent examples of free and open source software collaboration; typically all the underlying source code can be used, freely modified, and redistributed, both commercially and non-commercially, by anyone under licenses such as the GNU General Public License. Typically Linux is packaged in a format known as a Linux distribution for desktop and server use. Some popular mainstream Linux distributions include Debian (and its derivatives such as Ubuntu), Fedora and openSUSE. Linux distributions include the Linux kernel, supporting utilities and libraries and usually a large amount of application software to fulfill the distribution's intended use.

A little bit about Linus...
Quote:
Linus Benedict Torvalds, born December 28, 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer and hacker, best known for having initiated the development of the open source Linux kernel. He later became the chief architect of the Linux kernel, and now acts as the project's coordinator. He also created the revision control system Git.

Early years

Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland. He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of poet Ole Torvalds. Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the 1960s. His family belongs to the Swedish-speaking minority (5.5%) of Finland's population. Torvalds was named after Linus Pauling, the American Nobel Prize-winning chemist, although in the book Rebel Code: Linux and the Open Source Revolution, Torvalds is quoted as saying, "I think I was named equally for Linus the Peanuts cartoon character", noting that this makes him half "Nobel-prize-winning chemist" and half "blanket-carrying cartoon character".

Torvalds attended the University of Helsinki between 1988 and 1996, graduating with a master's degree in computer science from NODES research group. His academic career was interrupted after his first year of study when he joined the Finnish Army, selecting the 11-month officer training program to fulfill the mandatory military service of Finland. In the army he holds the rank of second lieutenant, with the role of a ballistic calculation officer. In 1990, he resumed his university studies, and was exposed to UNIX for the first time, in the form of a DEC MicroVAX running ULTRIX. His M.Sc. thesis was titled Linux: A Portable Operating System.

His interest in computers began with a Commodore VIC-20.[11] After the VIC-20 he purchased a Sinclair QL, which he modified extensively, especially its operating system. He programmed an assembly language and a text editor for the QL, as well as a few games.[12] He is known to have written a Pac-Man clone named Cool Man. On January 5, 1991[13] he purchased an Intel 80386-based IBM PC[14] and spent a month playing the game Prince of Persia before receiving his MINIX copy, which in turn enabled him to begin work on Linux.

Later years

After a visit to Transmeta in late 1996, Torvalds accepted a position at the company in California, where he would work from February 1997 to June 2003. He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continues to work. In June 2004, Torvalds and his family moved to Portland, Oregon, to be closer to the OSDL's Beaverton, Oregon–based headquarters.

From 1997 to 1999, he was involved in 86open helping to choose the standard binary format for Linux and Unix. In 1999, he was named to the MIT Technology Review TR100 as one of the top 100 innovators in the world under the age of 35.

Red Hat and VA Linux, both leading developers of Linux-based software, presented Torvalds with stock options in gratitude for his creation. In 1999, both companies went public and Torvalds' share value temporarily shot up to roughly $20 million....
Read more here...

Tutorials

One of the most daunting things about moving to Linux, or using it thereafter is the way that it is different to other OS's. Most people first use Windows or Mac OS on their machines and that is what they are brought up with. But the more you use Linux, the more changes you will see. This is a list of good tutorials (some books also, don't worry - no sponsoring etc that will help you learn Linux hopefully.

Books

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Official-Ubuntu-Book-Benjamin-Hill/dp/0137081308/ref=sr_1_4?ie=UTF8&qid=1320178551&sr=8-4] The official Ubuntu book[/ame] - The Official Ubuntu book (2010) by Benjamin Hill, Matthew Helmke and also Corey Burger.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Fedora-Bible-2011-Featuring-Linux/dp/047094496X/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1320178761&sr=1-1] Fedora bible[/ame] - The Fedora bible (2011) by Christopher Negus, and Eric-Foster Johnson.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Practical-Guide-Fedora-Enterprise-Linux/dp/0132757273/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1320179038&sr=1-5] Guide to Fedora and RHEL.[/ame] - A Practical Guide to Fedora and Red Hat Enterprise Linux (2011) by Mark G. Sobbel.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Linux-Pocket-Guide-David-Horton/dp/1441418628/ref=sr_1_5?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1320179447&sr=1-5] Linux pocket guide[/ame] - Linux pocket reference (2009) by David Horton.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/Linux-Command-Shell-Scripting-Bible/dp/1118004426/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1320179532&sr=1-1] Linux command line[/ame] - Linux command line and shell scripting (2011) by Richard Blum, Christine Bresnahan.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_ss_i_4_7?url=search-alias%3Dstripbooks&field-keywords=linux+server+administration&sprefix=linux+s] Linux server admin.[/ame] - Linux server administration.

[ame=http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/0596154488/ref=s9_simh_gw_p14_d2_g14_i2?pf_rd_m=A3P5ROKL5A1OLE&pf_rd_s=center-4&pf_rd_r=1KBQGB25MKM45TH6PHYK&pf_rd_t=101&pf_rd_p=467128133&pf_rd_i=468294]Linux in a nutshell[/ame] - recommended for experienced users!

Online tutorials

There are many thousands of online tutorials, this is just a few if about 110,000,000 results! (google.co.uk) Also links to linux related articles etc.

>>>Suse studio - create your own distro
without knowing any code!
<<<</span>
Learning the command line!
Basic commands for linux server admins.
Windows Vs. Linux server editions
Is Linux the most secure OS
Link 1 | Link 2| Link 3.
List of Linux distros.
Best Linus distros (a bit outdated...)
Linux guide (.pdf)
How to create your own Linux Distro.

Links

This is links to sites about Linux and or related to it.

Kernel.org - the Linux kernel archives.
Linux.org - the Official Linux site!
Ubuntu.com - the official Ubuntu site.
Distrowatch - put the fun back into computing!

How to ...

How to install Ubuntu on a PC
How to install Ubuntu on a PS3.
How to install Kubuntu.
How to install Xubuntu.
How to install Fedora
How to install RHEL.
How to install Debian.
How to install Arch linux
How to install openSUSE.
How to install Gentoo
How to install slackware
Compile a custom ubuntu kernel by Transhour.

Downloads

These are mostly links to the desktop edition, although other versions exist e.g. Server.

These are links to download desktop versions/ distributions of Linux. Some of them may require you to have a BitTorrent client, while others may let you download directly.


Click here to download Ubuntu!
Quote:
Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian distribution and distributed as free and open source software. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of Ubuntu ("humanity towards others").
Click here to download Kubuntu!
Quote:
Kubuntu is an official derivative of the Ubuntu operating system using the KDE Plasma Desktop instead of the Unity graphical environment. It is part of the Ubuntu project and uses the same underlying system.
Click here to download Xubuntu!
Quote:
Xubuntu is a Canonical Ltd. recognized, community maintained derivative of the Ubuntu operating system, using the Xfce desktop environment.
Click here to download Fedora!
Quote:
Fedora is a RPM-based, general purpose collection of software, including an operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. The Fedora Project's mission is to lead the advancement of free and open source software and content as a collaborative community
Click here to download Red Hat E Linux.
Quote:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is a Linux-based operating system developed by Red Hat and targeted toward the commercial market. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is released in server versions for x86, x86-64, Itanium, PowerPC and IBM System z, and desktop versions for x86 and x86-64.
Click here to download Debian.
Quote:
Debian is a computer operating system composed of software packages released as free and open source software primarily under the GNU General Public License along with other free software licenses. Debian GNU/Linux, which includes the GNU OS tools and Linux kernel, is a popular and influential Linux distribution.
Click here to download Arch Linux!
Quote:
Arch Linux is an independently developed, Linux-based operating system for i686 and x86-64 computers. It is composed predominantly of free and open source software, and supports community involvement.
Click here to download OpenSuse.
Quote:
openSUSE is a general purpose operating system built on top of the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported openSUSE Project and sponsored by SUSE. After Novell acquired SUSE Linux in January 2004, Novell decided to release the SUSE Linux Professional product as a 100% open source project.
Click here to download Gentoo.
Quote:
Gentoo Linux is a computer operating system built on top of the Linux kernel and based on the Portage package management system. It is distributed as free and open source software. Unlike a conventional software distribution, the user compiles the source code locally according to their chosen configuration.
Click here to download Slackware!
Quote:
Slackware is a free and open source Linux-based operating system. It was one of the earliest operating systems to be built on top of the Linux kernel and is the oldest currently being maintained.[1] Slackware was created by Patrick Volkerding of Slackware Linux, Inc. in 1993. The current stable version is 13.37, released on April 27, 2011.


Thanks for reading. Any questions or suggestions? Post them here or PM me. But, remember, this is mainly for people that are new to Linux...

If you like it, you know what to do! smile.gif

Josh.

Edited by joshd - 11/4/11 at 1:00am
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WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
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post #2 of 13
Great Job! +rep. I think this will help alot of new users whom have never experienced Linux can learn the history and figure out a distro to try.
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Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveOptical Drive
Crucial M4 WD Caviar Black WD Caviar Black LiteOn Lightscribe 24x 
CoolingOSMonitorMonitor
Thermaltake Frio Extreme CLP0587 Arch Linux x86_64 samsung 2243swx ASUS vs-248H-p 
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post #3 of 13
Thread Starter 
Just done a small update. Added the "How to" section.
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CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
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post #4 of 13
Quote:
Originally Posted by joshd;15566388 
Just done a small update. Added the "How to" section.

Great stuff Josh; definite rep+. Thanks for taking the time to put all of that together in a well-formatted, easy-to-read guide.

Of course, I'm brand new to the Linux community...but you didn't include my distro! frown.gif
post #5 of 13
Thread Starter 
What OS do you use? And thanks biggrin.gif
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Battlefield 2 review.
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CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
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Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
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post #6 of 13
Quote:
Originally Posted by joshd;15566514 
What OS do you use?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lubuntu
post #7 of 13
Thread Starter 
Ah.. I have used that before but thought it might be overkill as I already have Ubuntu, Kubuntu and Xubuntu, but sure I will add it soon smile.gif
Main Rig.
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Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
post #8 of 13
Quote:
Originally Posted by joshd;15566526 
Ah.. I have used that before but thought it might be overkill as I already have Ubuntu, Kubuntu and Xubuntu, but sure I will add it soon smile.gif

Thanks; take a look at DistroWatch:

Kubuntu: 24th
Xubuntu: 31st
Lubuntu: 12th

I think it deserves mention. wink.gif
post #9 of 13
Thread Starter 
Edited the OP and added "DistroWatch", also, check out the link on how to create your own tailored Linux distro... it's an amazing tool!
Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
post #10 of 13
Thread Starter 
Just delivered a small update. Fixed some links and added some moar.
Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
Main Rig.
(14 items)
 
Battlefield 2 review.
Battlefield 2 PC Game EA
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Bulldozer FX4100 Gigabyte GA-M68MT-S2 MSI 7770 Kingston Hyper X | 2 x 2 GB 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
WD 2 TB  LiteON DVD/CD R-W Drive AMD Standard cooler Windows 7 Ultimate 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
32' Luxor Full HD TV Microsoft comfort curce Antec 450 Watt OcUK Value case 
MouseAudio
Microsoft wireless mouse Logitech speakers & Bass 
  hide details  
Reply
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