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Binary Processing in CPU

post #1 of 9
Thread Starter 
This may sound like a redundant and ill conceived question, but here I go.

We all know that processors have switches. 0's and 1's, on and off.

Would expanding those switches beyond 0's and 1's expand the processing power and computational ability? Or are am I considering a simplistic view of quantum computers. I heard about a guy expanding the architecture beyond binary, but cannot locate an article at the moment.

Since we are nearing the limit of processing power because of the shrinking of CPU's to the atomic level. Michio Kaku states
"Since UV light has a wavelength as small as 10 nanometers (a nanometer is a billionth of a meter), this means that the smallest transistor that you can etch is about thirty atoms across.
But this process cannot go on forever. At some point, it will be physically impossible to etch transistors in this way that are the size of atoms. You can even calculate roughly when Moore’s law will finally collapse: when you finally hit transistors the size of individual atoms."

Is there any architecture known at the moment using current technologies that can expand computational ability beyond the shrinking of transistors? Can expanding binary language from 0 and 1 switches compensate?
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post #2 of 9
Thread Starter 
http://www.salon.com/2011/03/19/moores_law_ends_excerpt/
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post #3 of 9
I thought they were using X-Ray to make masks? X-ray is smaller than UV and could allow transistors a few atoms smaller than UV can.

But quantum computer is the next logical step for computers. Slapping 8 cores on a CPU will not benefit programs that arent' designed to use multi-cores.
    
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post #4 of 9
Read this one:
http://nookkin.com/content/why-computers-use-binary.php

or Google "non binary computing"
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post #5 of 9
look up trinary computers and follow links from there for more info.
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post #6 of 9
how? you cant add an additional answer to true and false. Neither article really explained how it would work
    
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post #7 of 9
graphite computing is supposed to be next big thing (besides quantum computer).
    
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post #8 of 9
Quote:
Originally Posted by wooly4 View Post

how? you cant add an additional answer to true and false. Neither article really explained how it would work

Simple answer: "true", "false", "maybe", and "maybe not".

Basically a computer that could lie more convincingly than the current binary computer.
    
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post #9 of 9
I had a small conversation with a former IBM employee now involved in nanotechnology. She seemed to convey the belief that Moore's Law is already starting to slide downhill, so to speak.
Quote:
Originally Posted by wilykat 
Simple answer: "true", "false", "maybe", and "maybe not".

Basically a computer that could lie more convincingly than the current binary computer.

I think that the problem with wily's model of "maybe" and "maybe not" is how you would move on from such a point, or chain of points... where would you go? If you think of a room with two exits (yes and no), which would you take in the event of "maybe?" Maybe can imply yes, perhaps moreso than maybe not, but it still implies the possibility of "no." "Yes" has an explicit contingency, "no" has an explicit contingency, but what does "maybe" mean? Walk down the two paths at the same time? An odd concept - especially if you're a computer: a machine that can tolerate, seemingly, very little ambiguity as opposed to explicit instruction.

Now I have no experience whatsoever with binary theory or anything like that, but I just think that binary is a good base from which to begin - a simple, clean starting point.

I read a little blurb that said that, if aliens were to arrive, even if we couldn't speak the same language, we would likely be able to begin by drawing some sort of middle ground through communication derived from binary.
Edited by Escatore - 12/11/11 at 12:28am
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