Ouch... The drive is dead (or just about) unfortunately, some of the sectors that died/became corrupt are in the MBR, or the MFT, and that makes it just a little bit harder.. Unfortunately, I don't believe you will get the drive to come back on line, showing the old file system. if you do, it's gonna be a miracle. My suggestion is to stop trying to figure out why the drive died, and just recover the data. Once you do, tell your friend to toss the drive. Even if you get the drive reinitialized, the same thing will happen again, and probably in a rather short period of time.
As long as the drive is not physically damaged... (ie, it got dropped), you should be able to get the data. You're actually lucky the drive shows at all. At least that tells me the drive's controller is probably not dead. You'll need to run recovery software that can read a RAW drive, and do a deep (bit by bit) scan on the drive.
getdataback is a pretty good option, (actually very nice to have it offererd to you.
), but the quick scan is usually not enough to find everything. You need to run the deep scan, and it will take time.
Another program that is a worthy contender is RECUVA HERE
... and it's free.
If you think there are additional files to be had, you can try Recover My Files HERE
. The free version will allow you to scan the drive for files, but you will not be able to actually recover them without paying for the license. But you will get to see what can be recovered from the drive before paying. Also, you will need a spare drive for the recovered files if you go this route. This program is a 3 drive recovery program. 1 your OS, 2 the bad drive, and 3 the drive to place the recoverd files on.
Sean... hope you're "charging" all your "friends" that come to you with these things.