Originally Posted by rdasch3
I am sure this has already been posted, but I would rather not hijack another thread. As a bachelors student for Networking, it is probably long past due for me to jump into Linux.
I have a 500GB external hard drive which I plan to partition with Ubuntu, Fedora, and Windows server, while still keeping space for storage.
How much space do Linux Distros normally use? I am sure it is less than windows.
Depends on the distro, but most all of them use significantly less disk space than doze.
While searching briefly online yesterday, I found that booting linux from disk will allow partitioning, but is there a way that will allow me to do so without burning to a disk? Partition and boot partition formatting tool of some kind?
There are Linux live CD's you can use to do this. GParted is a good one that is made precisely for partitioning disks.
As a noob to Linux, I am also looking for any insight and potential information links. Does Linux use a different file system than NTFS? (as I will obviously need to format it that way).
No Linux does not use NTFS (thank God). Most distros will come out of the box with ext4 with the option to use the new btrfs (not stable yet) or some others like reiserfs or XFS. Ext4 is fine most most applications. Also, most Linux distros do come with a kernel module that allows you to read and write to NTFS partitions, so accessing data from Windows disks inside Linux should be no issue.
I have done some reading already about the kernel, and how the operating system works. No need for me to jump into full customization. I am mainly looking for navigation tips (of course, I wont mind just clicking around), what applications might I run into and what they do, and maybe some useful command lines.
Clicking around will vary based on which desktop environment you are using. Is it Gnome3 or KDE or Unity or some other? If you're using Ubuntu, it will be Unity which has a main menu bar at the left of the screen. Pretty self explanatory. However, if you want to get to the nuts and bolts of Linux, you should really learn the command line syntax. Any BASH tutorial on the Internet should get you started. Just learn about how to navigate into directories, list items, move items, etc. Then you can get onto more advanced things.