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Need to expand storage on my server (HELP!)

post #1 of 23
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My tiny little thing of a server is currently a mITX Intel Atom CPU in a Gigabyte D525TUD motherbother (http://www.gigabyte.com/products/product-page.aspx?pid=3549#ov).

I currently have a Samsung Spinpoint (I think it's an F1 though it could be an F3) 1TB drive and I have about 30GB left.

I'd like to expand to some type of RAID array with a decent fault tolerance.

I store movies and music on this server as well as host a website and a murmur server (both of those are very low disk use). I was thinking RAID 10 instead of RAID 5 due to it's increased read speed and expanding to 3TB of storage. I open these files on various media pc's I have throughout my house to watch the movies and listen to the music without having mass amount of storage space on each media pc.

What are my best options? I am looking for recommendations on RAID setups, controllers, as well as hard drive manufacturer and models. Also, whether or not I need to upgrade the server motherboard to incorporate all these upgrades.

Thanks
 
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post #2 of 23
How much do you want to spend?

I definitely recommend RAID10 over RAID5, better performance and more tolerance for drive failure.

That's a very low end motherboard, I doubt it offers chipset RAID, and even if it did, the performance would be terrible
And it does not have PCIe so adding a controller is out of the question.

Definitely build a new rig, are you looking to go hardware RAID or the FreeNAS/OpenFiler route?
    
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post #3 of 23
Thread Starter 
Quote:
Originally Posted by dushan24 View Post

How much do you want to spend?
I definitely recommend RAID10 over RAID5, better performance and more tolerance for drive failure.
That's a very low end motherboard, I doubt it offers chipset RAID, and even if it did, the performance would be terrible
And it does not have PCIe so adding a controller is out of the question.
Definitely build a new rig, are you looking to go hardware RAID or the FreeNAS/OpenFiler route?

Yeah, it only does RAID0 or RAID1.

I do have another system I can setup and convert into the new server. http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16813128440

It has 5x sata 3gb/s ports and supports RAID10

I was thinking 4TB of storage space, using the WD Red 2TB disks. http://www.newegg.com/Product/Product.aspx?Item=N82E16822236343

Any recommendations on other disks? Not much of a limit on price but the cheaper the better, as long as it's good quality. The reason I was thinking the WD Reds to begin with is because I already use a lot of WD Blacks and they seem to be good quality.
 
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post #4 of 23
Personally I run Hitachi's or WD Blacks.

The Red's are ok for a small NAS, but for a parity based RAID array their variable spindle speed can have negative performance impacts.

I don't like that mobo either, not many PCIe and on the lower end of things.
    
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post #5 of 23
@dushan24

"Intellipower" is an exercise in successful marketing. No drive that I know of can do variable spindle speed, because the heads rely on a cushion of air to maintain their fly height, and obviously this air will be affected by the speed of the platter rotation. IMHO "Intellipower" was created to give WD some elbow room when deciding which drive in which range would rotate at this speed or that, so that high density drives could spin at a lower RPM than lower density drives and yet maintain the same transfer rates.

So far, all "Intellipower" drives have been clocked at 5400RPM, and so far I've seen nothing to indicate that the Red range are any different. smile.gif
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post #6 of 23
Quote:
Originally Posted by parityboy View Post

@dushan24
"Intellipower" is an exercise in successful marketing. No drive that I know of can do variable spindle speed, because the heads rely on a cushion of air to maintain their fly height, and obviously this air will be affected by the speed of the platter rotation. IMHO "Intellipower" was created to give WD some elbow room when deciding which drive in which range would rotate at this speed or that, so that high density drives could spin at a lower RPM than lower density drives and yet maintain the same transfer rates.
So far, all "Intellipower" drives have been clocked at 5400RPM, and so far I've seen nothing to indicate that the Red range are any different. smile.gif

Hey man, Interesting stuff.

I'm aware of how a HDD works, while I agree that a difference in spindle speed in the order of thousands would disturb the air pressure in the sealed HDD case I believe they compensate for this by having a very small hole with a "butterfly valve"

Off topic, in the Greens, I think the motor varies between 5400 and 5900 RPM
    
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post #7 of 23
Thread Starter 
I may just get 4x WD Green 2TB's then seeing as they are $110 a piece right now. In a RAID10 array it shouldn't gimme decent performance, right? I am using 1 Spinpoint F3 right now 3.0gb/s and it suit my needs fine, it's just not enough storage and I have no backup.

Blacks are $180 for 2TB...

I already have that motherboard and I don't need an expansion card for it if I use the on-board RAID controller, it shouldn't be that bad should it? The entire rig is up and running actually, it's being used as a media PC in my theater but I have a separate build for that now. I should only need the one PCI-e if I want to expand in the future since it doesn't need a video card.
Edited by Shrimpykins - 11/13/12 at 4:29pm
 
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post #8 of 23
I went with the 2TB Red's when I needed more space. They are only $10 more but you get another year of warranty so for me it was worth it
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post #9 of 23
Quote:
Originally Posted by Shrimpykins View Post

I may just get 4x WD Green 2TB's then seeing as they are $110 a piece right now. In a RAID10 array it shouldn't gimme decent performance, right? I am using 1 Spinpoint F3 right now 3.0gb/s and it suit my needs fine, it's just not enough storage and I have no backup.
Blacks are $180 for 2TB...
I already have that motherboard and I don't need an expansion card for it if I use the on-board RAID controller, it shouldn't be that bad should it? The entire rig is up and running actually, it's being used as a media PC in my theater but I have a separate build for that now. I should only need the one PCI-e if I want to expand in the future since it doesn't need a video card.

Greens are the worst for RAID

Regarding the motherboard, as long as you are using the on-board SATA just for an interface and then using FreeNAS for the RAID it should be ok.
    
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post #10 of 23
WD certifies their Greens for software/fakeraid usage. I'm reasonably happy with my Green RAID10 powered by the C600.
    
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