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Raid Array Options

post #1 of 4
Thread Starter 
Problem; I have over 8TB of data and I have a few goals in mind

  1. Data Redundancy
  2. One Location (for files I am using)
  3. Network availability
  4. Low Cost

Ok, so here it is. My library is growing constantly. By the time I get home in a few months I may have close to 10TB. I want one centrally located set of files and then I can use the various externals I have to keep it all backed up (1st backup). I have a 4TB, 3 X 2TB, 1.5TB, 1TB, 640GB, 500GB, and a extra 1TB in an older laptop that has two drives (can pull it out for storage and use the ssd in it to operate the laptop). Here are my questions and possible solution;

  1. Build a new computer as my main as well as storage. For this I would more than likely need some type of raid controller becuase I will be doing a raid 0 for the OS and othewr programs that I run. What kind of hit would I take on gaming or encoding while this network is operationg in the background (lets say someone is streaming stuff from my computer to the TV)
  2. Build a NAS. Was wondering if this dedicated nas if it has 4 SATA even if it didnt support Raid 5 natively could you use a software solution or maybe a linux distro that has built in raid capabilities. Will the performance be ok or will it take a big hit because of the software raid. I do plan on it being at least a dual core atom with plenty of ram.
  3. Buy a BYOD NAS

More information. I have 3 laptops in the house running at any given time, 1 android tablet (as of now) and 1 computer i use as a HTPC. Then there is my main PC. Also I have an old X2 4400 setup (ram, processor, MB) that could be used but it would need a software raid. The motherboard is an ASUS A8NE. It was my sig rig, I have a first gen core 2 now lol. I think I even have an old OCZ 450 watt psu I could throw in it. All i will have to buy for that setup is a cheap video card. I plan on my drives being WD 3TB reds. That alone is going to cost me around $600 and it should only get me about 8tb of storage in raid 5.

Thanks for any help.
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My System
(13 items)
 
System 2
(12 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
X2 4400 ASUS A8NE XFX 7900GT Extreme OCZ DDR 500 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
300GB + 2, 160GB drives XP Pro HP LCD Z-Board 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer MS Laser 6000 Aqua 3 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
C2D 6400 ASUS P5B Gigabyte Radeon HD 6770 OCZ Value DDR2 PC 4200 
OSMonitorPowerCase
Win 7 17" CRT SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer 
Mouse
MS 
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post #2 of 4
You don't need powerful hardware for a simple file and media server. I am actually in the middle of building one myself, entirely from old components I have (I have over 30 full PCs worth, and thousands of misc parts... I am starting a nonprofit, though, I am not a hoarder lol).

In fact, I am going to be using an Athlon64 X2 6000+ if I can't find a reasonably priced, high quality LGA775 motherboard for the E8600 I have.
Paired with a solid AM2 motherboard, 4x2GB DDR2-1066 4-5-4-11 1T memory, it's more than powerful enough to stream multiple 1080p videos.

The things that are most important:
- HIGH quality NIC, I personally like Intel the best. A good 2-4x1GbEth NIC will cost $20-40 on fleabay and offload the networking from the CPU.
- HIGH QUALITY RAID CARD with a decent size cache and battery backup unit. This is absolutely critical if you want to run any type of parity RAID array and not have an immense loss of performance. The cheap option is the ever popular PERC5/i or PERC6/i due to the very low cost, decent cache, and adequate performance.
However, if you are not in a hurry, you can find awesome deals through eBay or Craigslist on LSI, Adaptec, Areca, and 3ware RAID controllers with many more features, newer SoC's, and better performance than the PERC cards. Something like the SAS9260-8i would be a great option, as it can be had cheap and it does RAID5/6 pretty well. It has support for up to 8 drives without expansion boards, which should be plenty (8x2 minus 2 gives 14TB, or 12TB for RAID6).

Personally, I would not go with a Parity RAID and instead go with 1-2x 4-drive RAID10 arrays. Faster and more importantly, you can lose up to two drives. The write speeds are better, and the read speeds are equivalent to the sum of the drives in the array (write is sum divided by 2). However, you do lose more space to mirroring, but it also can save you space as you are in less need of having a full array backup.
2 RAID10 arrays with 4x3TB each gives you 12TB usable space, and the security of having every drive mirrored.
   
Z77 Bench-a-lot
(31 items)
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsGraphics
i7 3930K @ 4.92Ghz Asus Rampage 4 Extreme EVGA GTX670 FTW 2GB  EVGA GTX780Ti Classified K|ngp|n Edition @ 1483... 
GraphicsRAMHard DriveHard Drive
EVGA GTX780Ti Classified K|ngp|n Edition @ 1483... 16GB G.Skill Ripjaws-Z @ DDR3-2248 9-10-9-26 1T Samsung 830 256GB SSD WD10EZEX 1TB HDD 
Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveHard Drive
WD10EALX 1TB HDD Seagate Barracuda 7200.14 1TB WD3200AAKS 320GB HDD WD5000HHTZ 10krpm 500GB VelociRaptor 
Optical DriveCoolingCoolingCooling
LG/Hitachi Slim DVD-R/W Custom MB-Backside VRM-sinks (Copper) 3x NZXT RF-FX140LB 1-2krpm 98.3CFM Case Fans 2x Corsair SP120-PE Case Fans 
CoolingCoolingCoolingCooling
Heatkiller GTX680 "Hole Edition" Block + Backplate XSPC Single-Bay Res (Single 5.25 bay) EK Multioption Res X2 - Advanced 150 DD "Fill-Port Res" + Fill-Port Fitting (Red) 
CoolingCoolingCoolingCooling
2x MCP35X + Heatsinks/80x15mm Fan XSPC EX420 Alphacool NeXXos UT60 240 6x Bgears Blasters 140mm 1800rpm Fans 
CoolingCoolingCoolingOS
4x Koolance 120x25mm 2600rpm Fans Comp/Rotary Fittings (BP/XSPC/Monsoon) Primoflex Pro LRT - White (1/2x3/4) Windows 7 Professional 64bit  
MonitorMonitorMonitorMonitor
Dell P2210Hb 21.5" 1920x1080p Viewsonic VA2012WB 20.1" LCD 1680x1050 Dell U3014 Eizo 27" 1440p 10bit RGB-LED Backlit AH-IPS Panel 
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Sleeved Wires w Paracord myself (no Heatshrink) Custom Front and Top Panels w HexxMesh *In Prog... Working on Custom Pedestal Prototype 
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Z77 Bench-a-lot
(31 items)
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsGraphics
i7 3930K @ 4.92Ghz Asus Rampage 4 Extreme EVGA GTX670 FTW 2GB  EVGA GTX780Ti Classified K|ngp|n Edition @ 1483... 
GraphicsRAMHard DriveHard Drive
EVGA GTX780Ti Classified K|ngp|n Edition @ 1483... 16GB G.Skill Ripjaws-Z @ DDR3-2248 9-10-9-26 1T Samsung 830 256GB SSD WD10EZEX 1TB HDD 
Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveHard Drive
WD10EALX 1TB HDD Seagate Barracuda 7200.14 1TB WD3200AAKS 320GB HDD WD5000HHTZ 10krpm 500GB VelociRaptor 
Optical DriveCoolingCoolingCooling
LG/Hitachi Slim DVD-R/W Custom MB-Backside VRM-sinks (Copper) 3x NZXT RF-FX140LB 1-2krpm 98.3CFM Case Fans 2x Corsair SP120-PE Case Fans 
CoolingCoolingCoolingCooling
Heatkiller GTX680 "Hole Edition" Block + Backplate XSPC Single-Bay Res (Single 5.25 bay) EK Multioption Res X2 - Advanced 150 DD "Fill-Port Res" + Fill-Port Fitting (Red) 
CoolingCoolingCoolingCooling
2x MCP35X + Heatsinks/80x15mm Fan XSPC EX420 Alphacool NeXXos UT60 240 6x Bgears Blasters 140mm 1800rpm Fans 
CoolingCoolingCoolingOS
4x Koolance 120x25mm 2600rpm Fans Comp/Rotary Fittings (BP/XSPC/Monsoon) Primoflex Pro LRT - White (1/2x3/4) Windows 7 Professional 64bit  
MonitorMonitorMonitorMonitor
Dell P2210Hb 21.5" 1920x1080p Viewsonic VA2012WB 20.1" LCD 1680x1050 Dell U3014 Eizo 27" 1440p 10bit RGB-LED Backlit AH-IPS Panel 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
55" LG HDTV (their top 2014 model) Ducky Mechanical (Browns) NZXT HALE90 850W + 8 blown-up AX1200/i's NZXT Switch 810 (White) 
MouseMouse PadAudioAudio
R.A.T.3 + MX510 My Desk GRADO RS1i Headphones Grado PS1000 Headphones 
OtherOtherOtherOther
Bitfenix Hydra Pro Fan Controller 5ch 30W/ch Bitfenix Alchemy Individually-Sleeved Extension... NZXT Individually-Sleeved Front Panel Wires (Bl... Phobya Sleeved 1x3pin-to-4x3pin Fan Splitter 
OtherOtherOther
Sleeved Wires w Paracord myself (no Heatshrink) Custom Front and Top Panels w HexxMesh *In Prog... Working on Custom Pedestal Prototype 
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post #3 of 4
Thread Starter 
Thanks for the reply. I think I may use my X24400 setup with a perc5/i
My System
(13 items)
 
System 2
(12 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
X2 4400 ASUS A8NE XFX 7900GT Extreme OCZ DDR 500 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
300GB + 2, 160GB drives XP Pro HP LCD Z-Board 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer MS Laser 6000 Aqua 3 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
C2D 6400 ASUS P5B Gigabyte Radeon HD 6770 OCZ Value DDR2 PC 4200 
OSMonitorPowerCase
Win 7 17" CRT SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer 
Mouse
MS 
  hide details  
Reply
My System
(13 items)
 
System 2
(12 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
X2 4400 ASUS A8NE XFX 7900GT Extreme OCZ DDR 500 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
300GB + 2, 160GB drives XP Pro HP LCD Z-Board 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer MS Laser 6000 Aqua 3 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
C2D 6400 ASUS P5B Gigabyte Radeon HD 6770 OCZ Value DDR2 PC 4200 
OSMonitorPowerCase
Win 7 17" CRT SilverStone ST75ZF (750 watt) Aspire X-plorer 
Mouse
MS 
  hide details  
Reply
post #4 of 4
with all those random sized drives you're kind of out of luck when it comes to a simple solution. You could go linux using LVM and do mirrors. Like you also said, jbod could work as well. Another option would be drobo. You can place any sata drive in it, and it will do the work of keeping all the data straight. it's pretty good about upgrades as well. But it will cost just as much as making a server too....
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