Originally Posted by CynicalUnicorn
Photoelectric effect: I always thought that reliably happened. Photon absorbed, electron moves, photon emitted. No ifs. But quantum mechanics' main difference from classical mechanics is that the latter is "X happens iff Y," and the former is "X happens 25% of the time if Y." So yes, that's also random, but can be predicted to an extent. Radioactive decay is just spontaneous from what we can tell. Noise in general (I could only think of atmospheric off the top of my head) I don't think is technically random. If we could solve the three-body problem and get a few trillion yottaflops, it might be possible to simulate the air in a balloon. But overall, it can't be predicted.
The only foreseeable issue is that coins are biased. If you flip it with one side up, that side is more likely to land face-up since it spends more time in the air. Try a D20; you'll get more values more quickly and is less likely to be biased since it's close-ish to sphereical.
Bull****, the coin is more likely to land face-up because it spends more time in the air, it is bull****
Random, what do you know about randomness? Does the universe work randomly or not? If the universe is not random, the with enough flops, and enough known laws, everything could be simulated. But one thing here, can the simulated software simulated the universe and itself, since the whole system (software + real universe) is always larger than the software. Also, can the universe stores more information than itself, since it needs to store information about itself and the memory needed for simulated software. It is like trying to count to the biggest integer number, there isn't any.
Most of your words are just empty words