A new research paper published on Arxiv describes in detail the properties of Carbyne, a supermaterial that is stronger than graphene and diamond, and that can be synthesized and stabilized at room temperature. Carbyne is stiffer than anything that scientists have seen before, and it could potentially have a wide variety of applications in nanomechanical systems and electromechanical devices.
Well, it certainly has the coolest name of any material.
Also, it looks like it's already been synthesized!
Edited by frickfrock999 - 10/1/13 at 8:40am