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To build a NAS server or buy a premade

post #1 of 3
Thread Starter 
So currently the way I share data with my family is through my router with a 1.5 tb hard drive connect to it. The problem is the hard drive is getting full and the router only have one usb slot so now I have been researching on stuff that I can do like either building a media server which was my first thought. After more research, I found out about NAS server and been reading up on them. Now my question is I don't know which one I should do as building my own NAS server or buy a premade like the synology ds213j or ds212j. I was planning to put at least 4-6 tb in it and not run a raid (I know it's suppose to be more secured not to lose data).

My needs for this NAS server is:

Streaming media from it to my ps3 or to my phones.
Store music in it.
Create a VPN server so I can connect to it from school and do remote desktop with my desktop to do my linux homework on it. (if possible)
Put games (like steam games) and stream it to my pc or brothers(if possible)
Back up my families data so when their computer crash it's easier to recover.
24/7 run time with low wattage as my electricity bill has been fairly high.
Charge couple of friends to store their back up homework in it (giving them at least 10gb)

I know that couple of my needs would be for the premade. But reading some forums and other places, I saw some people claiming they can make a NAS server with atleast 179-200 dollar (No hard drive included).My question is also when buying these premade NAS server, are they strong enough to stream 1080p to multiple devices as I feel like it is also affected by the router too. Also would I need a new router if I am going to get this server type? I currently have a TP-Link WDR3500. Most of my families are on wireless as the router is in my room and my parents won't let me put Ethernet through the walls and the speed for the wireless transfer speed is 100mbits/s and max up to 300 mbits.

Thanks for reading:thumb:
post #2 of 3
The problem with building your own NAS is that you have to find the perfect case for it. The U-NAS NSC-800 provides plenty of expansion space if that's what you're looking for but you'll have to live with running the system on Mini-ITX motherboard and may have to buy a PCIE SATA expansion card as the majority of the boards only come with about 4-6 SATA connections. Some people want more power than Mini-ITX so the NSC-800 is not really an option so they end up with a full or mid-tower case instead with a server grade motherboard with ECC memory.

Synology is a better choice if you want something that is pretty much plug-n-play without all the work. Just plug your drives in, put the disc in and setup and you're done. The only disadvantage of this is that anything more than about 4 bays for Synology & QNAP is going to be in the $1K range so you end up with 4 bays instead of 8 bays. So if you're looking to expand beyond 4 bays in the future this solution is much more expensive.

Sure it's possible to make a NAS server with $200 with AMD parts. A decent power supply is $60, Dual-Core processor $50, AM3/FM1/FM2 motherboard $50, Some cheap $30 mid-tower case totaling to $190 with no tax + shipping costs of course. The advantage of building your own is that you get to control what parts get used in your NAS server. Should any part or parts fail in the future it would be much easier to procure and replace the broken parts. With a pre-made system like Synology or QNAPS if they fail you cannot easily replace any of the circuits or components inside as they are proprietary though these systems offer easier use than DIY systems. I'm not saying pre-made is bad or will fail, I would just think about the future in case you don't want to deal with it. Some people just buy a new one when their old one breaks, personally I like to be able to replace the broken part instead of pay more for a new one.

Some things to think about:
  • Your Budget $$$$$
  • Ease of use (build or pre-made)
  • Future expandability

DIY solution is good if you're looking to expand later or new tech comes out i.e. SATA4 etc... but a pre-made solution works if you don't want to do the leg work to get things running smoothly. But with pre-made solutions you're also stuck with the tech you bought i.e. SATA2/3 forever till the thing breaks. It just depends on what solution you're looking for that would work for you.
Skylake Is Here!
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Intel i7 6700K Batch #L535B021 4.7Ghz @ 1.296V GIGABYTE G1 Gaming GA-Z170X-Gaming 7 EVGA Geforce GTX 970 SSC ACX 2.0+ G.SKILL TridentZ 16GB DDR4 3000 
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Skylake Is Here!
(17 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel i7 6700K Batch #L535B021 4.7Ghz @ 1.296V GIGABYTE G1 Gaming GA-Z170X-Gaming 7 EVGA Geforce GTX 970 SSC ACX 2.0+ G.SKILL TridentZ 16GB DDR4 3000 
Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveCooling
Samsung 950 Pro M.2 512GB  Crucial BX100 250 GB SanDisk SSDPlus 240 GB NZXT Kraken X61  
OSMonitorKeyboardPower
Windows 8.1 & 10 Dell UltraSharp 2913WM 21:9 2560x1080 Ducky Shine 4, CODE WASD, Deck Legend, G710+ EVGA SuperNova G2 850W 
CaseMouseMouse PadAudio
Phanteks Enthoo Evolv ATX Mid-Tower Ducky Secret SteelSeries Fostex Purple Heart TH-X00 
Audio
AKG K553 Pro, Philips SHP9500, Superlux 668B, S... 
  hide details  
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post #3 of 3
Thread Starter 
I think I might go with a custom build NAS Server.
Would this be good enough to transcode .mkv files that are 1080p files?

Intel Pentium G3220
Asrock H81M-ITX
G.Skill Ripjaws 4gb 1333
Athena Power AP 300w
Fractal Design Node 304

Which would be the ideal type of hard drives would I get for this? Since I am not going to go into Raid.
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