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UnRaiding an Apple Xserve RAID

post #1 of 7
Thread Starter 
Alright first off I would like to say sorry for how long this first post is, but I wanted to make it as in depth as I can so that if anyone else wants to do this the can have sort of a guide on what I did.

So I built an UnRaid server about a year ago to hold all of my media and I love it. at first it was just a bunch of cables and components laying on a table, then I built a case because I don't really like the looks of any server cases on the market (except the Apple Xserve RAID) and most were pretty expensive. The case I built wan't anything great, it was just 20 dollars worth of angled aluminum and rivets from Lowes that I had put together. (I will post pictures of it tomorrow) So I thought to myself that I could probably modify an Apple Xserve RAID to do what I want (all of them are IDE by the way), so I started looking on the internet if anyone had done this before and I couldn't find anything on it so I said "ehh maybe I won't do it" but then I was looking on eBay and saw a great deal on one ($150 free shipping) so I bought it and said "If I can't do it, at least it will look cool still."

So I got the Xserve and started taking it apart to see what I needed to do, I figured that I could use the old IDE connections to run my power and data SATA cables through, and I was right. If you know how hot swappable server cases work these are the "carriers" (sorry don't know what they are actually called) the HDDs sit in. Here is what the boards looked like before and after my modification.

HDD "carriers"
Left: IDE
Right: (modded) SATA


"carriers" with covers off
Left: IDE
Right: (modded) SATA


Closeup of IDE


Closeup of (modded) SATA



Now only 13 more drives to go wink.gif


So Before I just went and soldered on my cables to random places I first mapped where those connections would end up. I am going to try and explain the following pictures as best as I can so that you can under stand it, if you guys don't get it just say so and maybe I will make a video and try to explain it better.

So the first picture is of the sata cable soldered to the "HDD carrier board" which is plugged into the backplane, I will call is plug the "HDD carrier plug" as it is a custom plug that apple made I assume. You can see in the background the other connections for the total 14 drives this case holds.


The second picture is of the back side of the "HDD carrier plug" and the pins marked with orange are where the 4 data wires of the SATA plug go. The 4 ground wires of the SATA plug I don't have marked in the picture.


The third picture is the cluster of pins where the original RAID controllers of the server connected to the drives. If you look closely (at the top center of the cluster) you can see 4 pins marked with orange and that is where the 4 marked on the back of the "HDD carrier plug" go to. In the background you can see that I marked the data pins on the rest of the "HDD carrier plugs". I am going to use these pins and connect a sata cable to them and that will plug into my motherboard. P.S. you can click on the image to get the full sized one if you want to zoom in.



Here are some pictures of the front of the case and what I want to do with it.

Front of the server case, you can see the 13 HDD "carriers" (I had taken one out).


Close up of the center columns of LEDs which are for network activity, but because I am doing this modification that won't work so I plan on repurposing it so that the left side is power usage (each LED will be a certain number of watts, I'm thinking 20 watts per LED) and the right side I'm not sure what I'm going to do with yet. Suggestions are welcome! smile.gif


This is a closeup of the status LEDS, there is one on the left side and one on the right side, from left to right they are power, fans, temperature, and I'm not sure. And again because I am doing this mod they will not work unless I make them work with an arduino or something like that, which I plan to do of corse. You can also see the green "ok" LED on the HDD carriers and the other led on the carrier is an activity LED I will have to do some custom stuff to make these work correctly of corse wink.gif


This is all I have so far but I will be posting some more pictures and progress soon!! And please feel free to ask for any additional pictures of what I have so far!
Edited by xxredxpandaxx - 12/23/13 at 11:46pm
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
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Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
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post #2 of 7
Good work!!

I am interested in your work. ( I want to work on my xserve raid and xserve G5)
Could you show more details for data cable and power cable wiring order ?

I expect your respond soon.

Thanks
Edited by bjack7 - 12/30/13 at 8:32pm
post #3 of 7
Thread Starter 
Quote:
Originally Posted by bjack7 View Post

Good work!!

I am interested in your work. ( I want to work on my xserve raid and xserve G5)
Could you show more details for data cable and power cable wiring order ?

I expect your respond soon.

Thanks

Hi sorry I never got back to you I kinda forgot I started this thread, but if you want to check out more about this server I have a thread over at the unraid forums that is up to date. Here is the link.
Edited by xxredxpandaxx - 3/27/14 at 11:25am
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
post #4 of 7
Looks great!
I believe those HDD carriers are called 'caddies'.
How will you set the LEDs up to show the power use? That's a cool feature and I'd like to see how it's done, sub'd!
 
20€ LAN PC
(8 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD FX 8350 @ 4.6 GHz / 5.1GHz Boost asrock 990fx fatal1ty Pro Powercolor R9 280X Turboduo @ 1125 MHz Cosair 4x4GB @ 1333MHz 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
PNY XLR8 120GB Seagate 1TB Fractal Kelvin S36 Windows 10 64bit 
PowerCaseAudio
Sea Sonic XP2 660W Cosair Carbide 300R (modded) Sennheiser HD429 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core 2 Duo E6400 Acer workstation MB Inno3D 9800GT Green 2x1GB no--name RAM 
Hard DriveOSPowerCase
80GB 5400RPM ex-laptop HDD Win XP :) no-name 650W PSU Modded - See thread 
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20€ LAN PC
(8 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD FX 8350 @ 4.6 GHz / 5.1GHz Boost asrock 990fx fatal1ty Pro Powercolor R9 280X Turboduo @ 1125 MHz Cosair 4x4GB @ 1333MHz 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
PNY XLR8 120GB Seagate 1TB Fractal Kelvin S36 Windows 10 64bit 
PowerCaseAudio
Sea Sonic XP2 660W Cosair Carbide 300R (modded) Sennheiser HD429 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core 2 Duo E6400 Acer workstation MB Inno3D 9800GT Green 2x1GB no--name RAM 
Hard DriveOSPowerCase
80GB 5400RPM ex-laptop HDD Win XP :) no-name 650W PSU Modded - See thread 
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post #5 of 7
Thread Starter 
Quote:
Originally Posted by BruceB View Post

Looks great!
I believe those HDD carriers are called 'caddies'.
How will you set the LEDs up to show the power use? That's a cool feature and I'd like to see how it's done, sub'd!

My plan is to use an arduino to control the LEDs and have basically a kill-a-watt type thing that can measure power usage and then each LED will represent I think around 20 watts of power being used. I haven't really figured out everything to make that work, and I will have to learn how to program with arduino and probably make some custom PCBs or something but that is for later after I finish the main parts of the build. I am still having some problems with drives not being recognized and I am trying to track down where the problems are coming from. From now on I will start coping and pasting all my updates here that I make on the unraid forums.
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
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Reply
post #6 of 7
Thread Starter 
Well here is a smallish update, I decided to make a styrofoam back so that I could have the airflow go in the proper direction and it helped keep the drives about 6C lower and I only have two fans in the case. One right behind the backplane where the drives are and one exhaust in the styrofoam. Here are some pictures.
nwQrKgw.jpg
I0Fw9zj.jpg
83Cd5oV.jpg


Sent from my iPhone using Tapatalk
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
post #7 of 7
Thread Starter 
New highest temp during the pre clear is 37C witch I am happy with, before it was up to 40-41C.
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
Main System
(12 items)
 
unRAID Server
(9 items)
 
 
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i5-4670k EVGA Z87 Stinger miniITX EVGA GeForce GTX 770 Klevv Urbane 16GB 2400 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
RAID 0 (2x Mushkin Enhanced Chronos 240GB) Windows 10 27'' HP - 2709m Razer Blackwidow Chroma 
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
500W 80 plus gold (EVGA Hadron Air) EVGA Hadron Air Razer Naga Chroma Rocketfish Dual-Sided Aluminum Mouse Surface 
CPUMotherboardRAMHard Drive
Xeon E5-2683 V3 ASRock X99 Extreme3 3x4GB ECC Samsung 1x8TB Seagate Archive HDD (Parity) 
Hard DriveHard DriveOSPower
2X8TB Seagate Archive HDD 4X3TB WD Green unRAID 6.2  FSP Group 700W, Kingwin 500W 80 Plus Platinum 
Case
Apple Xserve, Apple Xserve RAID 
  hide details  
Reply
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