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Problems with OS on external hard drive

post #1 of 5
Thread Starter 
Hello!

I have a 1TB Buffalo external hard drive (HD-HS1.0TQ). For the work I'm doing at the moment, I wanted to be able to have a portable, full-power operating system on the external drive - so that wherever I am (work, home, etc.) I can just plug in the eSATA and boot from the drive.

I had this kind of working, but it felt like something wasn't right. The BIOS has been struggling to detect the drive for a while. When it does get detected, the OS sometimes starts going crazy and crashing. The first time this happened I managed to get the BIOS to detect the drive again, booted to a live USB and ran fsck on the external drive (it reported quite a lot of fixes), rebooted and it was fine for the whole day.

However, now I'm finding that the BIOS will hardly detect my drive at all. It knows it's there and powered on, because the SATA controller posts saying "Detecting drives..." and pauses for about 30 seconds while it tries to find it - but it very rarely finds it. It is failing more and more - probably a corrupt drive?

So questions:
  1. What is actually wrong with the disk?
  2. If its corrupt, would that cause the SATA controller to fail at finding the drive?
  3. fsck seemed to correct the issues associates with the OS crashing, but not the issues with the BIOS detecting the drive. Is the detection problem causing the corruption, or is the corruption causing the detection problems?
  4. If its the corruption causing the detection problems, then I'm probably doing something bad to cause it to corrupt. Considering I run an OS off of it, what could I be doing wrong?
  5. If its the detection problems causing the corruption, then how could I try and fix that?

Thanks in advance!
PAROXYSM
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PAROXYSM
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CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Phenom x4 II 965 GA-990FXA-UD3 XFX HD 4870 1GB Corsair (12gb) 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
2x1TB Caviar Black OCZ Vertex 60gb H50 W7 64-bit / Fedora 17 64-bit 
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V7 22" Logitech Deluxe 250 Antec TruePower 750W Modular Razer Lachesis 
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post #2 of 5
What OS?
Have you plugged it into different computers yet?
My System
(15 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
FX6300 Black M5A99X EVO R2.0 Nvidia GTS450 Team Vulcan PC3 12800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
Samsung 840 PRO Asus DRW-1608P (x2) Custom Water Cooling Win7 (Ult), Win 8.1 & Win Server 2012 R2 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
2 X Samsung 915N Ducky Shine III, Blue Cherry/Blue LEDs PCP&C 1kw Lian Li PC-71 (W/Window) 
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My System
(15 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
FX6300 Black M5A99X EVO R2.0 Nvidia GTS450 Team Vulcan PC3 12800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
Samsung 840 PRO Asus DRW-1608P (x2) Custom Water Cooling Win7 (Ult), Win 8.1 & Win Server 2012 R2 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
2 X Samsung 915N Ducky Shine III, Blue Cherry/Blue LEDs PCP&C 1kw Lian Li PC-71 (W/Window) 
MouseAudio
Logiteck G400s none 
  hide details  
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post #3 of 5
Thread Starter 
Its Fedora 20. It shows similar symptoms in the two computers I tried. I don't have anything else with eSATA unfortunately.

I've got it to post so I'm currently running a disk check from my live USB. Not sure if it will help though!
PAROXYSM
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Phenom x4 II 965 GA-990FXA-UD3 XFX HD 4870 1GB Corsair (12gb) 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
2x1TB Caviar Black OCZ Vertex 60gb H50 W7 64-bit / Fedora 17 64-bit 
MonitorKeyboardPowerMouse
V7 22" Logitech Deluxe 250 Antec TruePower 750W Modular Razer Lachesis 
Mouse Pad
None 
  hide details  
Reply
PAROXYSM
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Phenom x4 II 965 GA-990FXA-UD3 XFX HD 4870 1GB Corsair (12gb) 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
2x1TB Caviar Black OCZ Vertex 60gb H50 W7 64-bit / Fedora 17 64-bit 
MonitorKeyboardPowerMouse
V7 22" Logitech Deluxe 250 Antec TruePower 750W Modular Razer Lachesis 
Mouse Pad
None 
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Reply
post #4 of 5
If you're trying to run the same copy of an os on two different computers that could be problematic if each computer needs different drivers.
My System
(15 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
FX6300 Black M5A99X EVO R2.0 Nvidia GTS450 Team Vulcan PC3 12800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
Samsung 840 PRO Asus DRW-1608P (x2) Custom Water Cooling Win7 (Ult), Win 8.1 & Win Server 2012 R2 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
2 X Samsung 915N Ducky Shine III, Blue Cherry/Blue LEDs PCP&C 1kw Lian Li PC-71 (W/Window) 
MouseAudio
Logiteck G400s none 
  hide details  
Reply
My System
(15 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
FX6300 Black M5A99X EVO R2.0 Nvidia GTS450 Team Vulcan PC3 12800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveCoolingOS
Samsung 840 PRO Asus DRW-1608P (x2) Custom Water Cooling Win7 (Ult), Win 8.1 & Win Server 2012 R2 
MonitorKeyboardPowerCase
2 X Samsung 915N Ducky Shine III, Blue Cherry/Blue LEDs PCP&C 1kw Lian Li PC-71 (W/Window) 
MouseAudio
Logiteck G400s none 
  hide details  
Reply
post #5 of 5
Thread Starter 
You're right, but I've heard Linux should be pretty good at that. Sometimes it stores device data in the initramfs image (which isn't great, because it stops the boot process), but I seem to be able to get around that by booting in the built-in rescue mode (which works for some reason).
PAROXYSM
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Phenom x4 II 965 GA-990FXA-UD3 XFX HD 4870 1GB Corsair (12gb) 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
2x1TB Caviar Black OCZ Vertex 60gb H50 W7 64-bit / Fedora 17 64-bit 
MonitorKeyboardPowerMouse
V7 22" Logitech Deluxe 250 Antec TruePower 750W Modular Razer Lachesis 
Mouse Pad
None 
  hide details  
Reply
PAROXYSM
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Phenom x4 II 965 GA-990FXA-UD3 XFX HD 4870 1GB Corsair (12gb) 
Hard DriveHard DriveCoolingOS
2x1TB Caviar Black OCZ Vertex 60gb H50 W7 64-bit / Fedora 17 64-bit 
MonitorKeyboardPowerMouse
V7 22" Logitech Deluxe 250 Antec TruePower 750W Modular Razer Lachesis 
Mouse Pad
None 
  hide details  
Reply
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