Originally Posted by Nemesiswho
I think there is a slight problem with this, there would be very minimal data transfers between countries since only one copy of the transferred file is needed. Once one copy is in the target country this file can be replicated within the country avoiding international data transfers.
I understand you are not necessarily saying this is the reason Australians pay more but you are severely overcomplicating the situation and introducing problems that are not necessarily there.
At the end of the day Australian's pay more for content and hardware than the states and it is simply because there is much greater demand in the US and there is a precedent for low prices. Australia's demand for electronic goods is far more inelastic and as such a price increase will result in a net gain in revenue for Apple. This is basic economics and as much as it is a pain to be on the receiving end of it, at the end of the day Apple is a firm and it is run to make a profit.
It depends on the software developers network structure. They may or may not have servers hosted in those regions, if they do not have servers hosting in that region then the transfer happens every time a person from that region wants the files. You then run into situations of if they do have servers hosted in that region, the cost of maintaining those servers in that region.
So, let's use ABCD Company, Inc. as an example. ABCD creates XYZ Software and wants to sell it to the world. ABCD sets up servers in New York, and starts distributing it to the world. Someone in Turkey buys their product, it is sent through the multitude of networks to that user in Turkey. Now what? Well, technically (as per your own example) that software is in Turkey, but when Customer 2 in Turkey wants that software, how do they get it? Well, they have to obtain it from the hosting servers in New York, not from Customer 1 in Turkey who purchased it earlier. So when Customer 2 buys and downloads, that data makes the trip through the various networks again.
The exception to the above is if ABCD Company, Inc. sets up servers in Turkey, then they only have to make the one major file transfer to that server. Once that is done all future customers in that region can pull the files from the servers in Turkey. But wait! You now introduce further costs of business; the cost to have those servers in Turkey for that region....
The notion of "Well, the data made one trip, so it is magically there for everyone else in the future" is completely wrong.
The point I am really stressing here for people to understand is that the Internet isn't free! It costs money to make happen, and a lot of money. You might pay your ISP for internet access, but that is only part of the costs involved to make that happen. At the end of the day it is a very complex beast that requires agreements and partnerships against competitors and even governments.
That is why I always get a bit of a chuckle when I hear people scream "But I paid my Internet bill! I should get the world for free!"
Again, I am not saying this is why Apple increased pricing, they already stated why they did that. This is just a bit of an aside to the conversation revolving around the cost discussion in general.