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What kind of hardware do I need to run a seedbox at home?

post #1 of 5
Thread Starter 
Cheap as possible really to support around 48TB of data? Would only be used for torrents. I fancy the idea of a project about getting 2nd hand hardware together and building it! Would be running on Xubuntu.

Would I need some kind of firewall too? I have an Asus router.

Thanks!
    
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post #2 of 5
how many drives?
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post #3 of 5
Thread Starter 
Unsure how many drives. Probably a lot. But to start probably 4-6. Hot-swap would be nice for archiving.
    
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post #4 of 5
really, any quad core from 2009+ will work,you just need to find a board with enough PCI-E slots to fit raid cards. then a man of a power supply.
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post #5 of 5
@OP

A couple of points. Cerberus is correct about the PSU. Assuming you start with 4TB drives and you want 48TB of usable capacity, you're looking at 14 drives in RAID 6, 15 drives in RAID Z3 and the same in UnRAID with three parity drives. A Western Digital Red 2.0TB has a max current draw of 0.60A on the 5V rail and 0.45A on the 12V rail. That's 1.05A max draw per drive. Multiply that by 15 and you're looking at 15.75A, assuming a 4TB Red is running the same figures.(probably a little higher due to higher platter count).

My current PC has 8 5400RPM 2TB 3.5" drives plus a single 2.5" 7200RPM boot drive, and adding tenth drive can cause one of the others to drop out. The PSU is a ToughPower 850W, so you're probably looking at a 1KW supply - staggered spin-up can reduce current draw on boot, but at some point all of those drives will be active for an extended period of time: patrol read, extending the array past 10 drives, or replacing a dead drive and resilvering.

Since this is a torrent box, I wouldn't bother with hardware RAID cards - most of them will only support 8 drives out of the box, and since the days of natively spreading an array across multiple cards seem to be over, you'll have to pair one up with a SAS Expander. If it was me, I'd get an 8-port or 16-port "plain Jane" HBA and use either Linux software RAID (possibly with LVM on top) or ZFS RAID Z2/3.

Router-wise, whether your router will be able to cope will depend on how many peers will be requesting content from you. Replace it when you need to. thumb.gif

EDIT
Quote:
Originally Posted by 86JR View Post

Unsure how many drives. Probably a lot. But to start probably 4-6. Hot-swap would be nice for archiving.

You mean being able to pull any drive from the array and read its contents on a separate machine? If that's the case, a striped array is useless. You'd be better off with something like unRAID, FlexRAID or SnapRAID, but I have no idea if their licencing supports that much data volume.
Edited by parityboy - 3/20/17 at 8:02am
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