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Desktop builds vs Server builds

post #1 of 8
Thread Starter 
Im looking to build my own Network storage, or maybe an internet gaming server, i was wondering...

What are some of the key things I need for such a server?

Hardware wise, I realize that storage is key,and I want to go as low-power as possible so my electric bill doesnt skyrocket.

Software wise, I also realize that I wont be putting ANY Microsoft OS on it, im looking at Linux/UNIX based builds.

What makes a server a server compared to other machines?
    
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD Athlon 64 X2 Black Edition 5000. (3.2GHz) Gigabyte GA-M770-DS3 eVGA 8800 GTS 512 (G92) 2 GB Corsair XMS 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
Seagate 250GB 7200RPM + 80GB 7200RPM Lite-On CD Burner Windows Vista Home Basic (OEM) 64-bit Crappy thing... 
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Okia 600W PSU Sunbeam Transformer Microsoft Optical Mouse 
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AMD Athlon 64 X2 Black Edition 5000. (3.2GHz) Gigabyte GA-M770-DS3 eVGA 8800 GTS 512 (G92) 2 GB Corsair XMS 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
Seagate 250GB 7200RPM + 80GB 7200RPM Lite-On CD Burner Windows Vista Home Basic (OEM) 64-bit Crappy thing... 
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post #2 of 8
Reliability.

Operating System.

That's the main two key issues.
    
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
E8400 @ 3.8 GHz DFI LANPARTY DK X38-T2R eVGA 8400GS 2GB Mushkin DDR2 800 (single stick) 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
250GB WD SATA None Windows XP Pro 32-bit HP Pavilion f1703 
KeyboardPowerCaseMouse
N/A Corsair HX520 Coolermaster Cavalier N/A 
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N/A 
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CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
E8400 @ 3.8 GHz DFI LANPARTY DK X38-T2R eVGA 8400GS 2GB Mushkin DDR2 800 (single stick) 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
250GB WD SATA None Windows XP Pro 32-bit HP Pavilion f1703 
KeyboardPowerCaseMouse
N/A Corsair HX520 Coolermaster Cavalier N/A 
Mouse Pad
N/A 
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post #3 of 8
Nothing.

A server is just a computer that performs a service. ANY desktop PC can function as a server.

"Server" quality components just are rated for higher reliability.
Once again...
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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Once again...
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CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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post #4 of 8
Thread Starter 
Also,what are the advantages of RAID?
    
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD Athlon 64 X2 Black Edition 5000. (3.2GHz) Gigabyte GA-M770-DS3 eVGA 8800 GTS 512 (G92) 2 GB Corsair XMS 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
Seagate 250GB 7200RPM + 80GB 7200RPM Lite-On CD Burner Windows Vista Home Basic (OEM) 64-bit Crappy thing... 
PowerCaseMouse
Okia 600W PSU Sunbeam Transformer Microsoft Optical Mouse 
  hide details  
Reply
    
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD Athlon 64 X2 Black Edition 5000. (3.2GHz) Gigabyte GA-M770-DS3 eVGA 8800 GTS 512 (G92) 2 GB Corsair XMS 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
Seagate 250GB 7200RPM + 80GB 7200RPM Lite-On CD Burner Windows Vista Home Basic (OEM) 64-bit Crappy thing... 
PowerCaseMouse
Okia 600W PSU Sunbeam Transformer Microsoft Optical Mouse 
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post #5 of 8
Quote:
Originally Posted by thejamesman View Post
Also,what are the advantages of RAID?
Which form of RAID? The benefits are performance and/or redundancy at various costs and trade-offs.
www.acnc.com/raid.html
Once again...
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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Once again...
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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post #6 of 8
raid 5 for servers thats what i have but im still trying to figure out how to set everything up on it
laptop
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD C-50 Acer hd6250 2x1gb's 
Hard DriveOSMonitorPower
250gb sata Windows 7 11in brick 
Case
Acer laptop 
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laptop
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
AMD C-50 Acer hd6250 2x1gb's 
Hard DriveOSMonitorPower
250gb sata Windows 7 11in brick 
Case
Acer laptop 
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post #7 of 8
Quote:
Originally Posted by DjQurt View Post
raid 5 for servers thats what i have but im still trying to figure out how to set everything up on it
No... It depends on what KIND of server.
Once again...
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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Reply
Once again...
(13 items)
 
  
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
i7 920 [4.28GHz, HT] Asus P6T + Broadcom NetXtreme II VisionTek HD5850 [900/1200] + Galaxy GT240 2x4GB G.Skill Ripjaw X [1632 MHz] 
Hard DriveOSMonitorKeyboard
Intel X25-M 160GB + 3xRAID0 500GB 7200.12 Window 7 Pro 64 Acer H243H + Samsung 226BW XARMOR-U9BL  
PowerCaseMouseMouse Pad
Antec Truepower New 750W Li Lian PC-V2100 [10x120mm fans] Logitech G9 X-Trac Pro 
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post #8 of 8
Quote:
Originally Posted by thejamesman View Post
Also,what are the advantages of RAID?
The advantage of RAID is reliability (unless you are talking about RAID0). RAID allows you to tolerate a drive failure and still keep your data. There are different types of RAID, which give you different performance levels and different space tradeoffs.

RAID1 is simple mirroring. Reads are usually the same speed as a single drive, writes are typically slightly slower. You end up with half of the capacity of the drives.

RAID5 is striping with parity. Your storage capacity is N-1 where N is the number of drives you have. If you have 3 500GB drives, you will end up with 1000GB of storage in a RAID5 array. Reads are faster than a single drive, writes tend to be slower, due to the parity calculations.

RAID6 is striping with double parity. Your storage capacity is N-2. Minimum of 4 drives. If you have 5 500GB drives, you will end up with 1500GB of storage. Reads are the same as RAID5, writes will be even slower than RAID5 due to the double parity calculation.

RAID10 is striping plus mirroring. You lose half of your storage capacity. Reads are extremely fast, writes will be slightly slower than a single drive. Minimum of 4 drives.
My System
(13 items)
 
   
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core2 Quad Q6600 Asus Maximus Formula Zotac Geforce 8800GT 8GB Kingston DDR2800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
80GB Intel X25M G2 Ben-Q DVD+-RW Windows 7 Ultimate Dual Dell 19" Trinitrons + 1 Hanns-G 19" LCD 
KeyboardPowerCaseMouse
MS Natural Multimedia Rosewill RX750-D-B Antec 900 Razer Diamondback 
Mouse Pad
Razer eXactMat 
CPUCPUMotherboardRAM
Intel Xeon Intel Xeon 440BX Desktop Reference Platform Kingston ValueRam - 72GB 
Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveOS
Seagate Barracuda ES.2 Hitachi HUS724040ale640 Micron M500DC VMware ESXi 6.0 
Other
Synology ds2015xs 
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My System
(13 items)
 
   
CPUMotherboardGraphicsRAM
Intel Core2 Quad Q6600 Asus Maximus Formula Zotac Geforce 8800GT 8GB Kingston DDR2800 
Hard DriveOptical DriveOSMonitor
80GB Intel X25M G2 Ben-Q DVD+-RW Windows 7 Ultimate Dual Dell 19" Trinitrons + 1 Hanns-G 19" LCD 
KeyboardPowerCaseMouse
MS Natural Multimedia Rosewill RX750-D-B Antec 900 Razer Diamondback 
Mouse Pad
Razer eXactMat 
CPUCPUMotherboardRAM
Intel Xeon Intel Xeon 440BX Desktop Reference Platform Kingston ValueRam - 72GB 
Hard DriveHard DriveHard DriveOS
Seagate Barracuda ES.2 Hitachi HUS724040ale640 Micron M500DC VMware ESXi 6.0 
Other
Synology ds2015xs 
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