A Tribute to our 1961 page.. What was cool in 1961.
The 61 Ford Thuderbird.
The 61 Corvette
The 61 EconoVan Truckster..
Cost of Living 1961
How Much things cost in 1961
- Yearly Inflation Rate USA 1.07%
- Yearly Inflation Rate UK 2.9%
- Average Cost of new house $12,500.00
- Average Income per year $5,315.00 The Husband worked and the wives stayed home.
- Cost of a gallon of Gas .27 cents Regular Leaded fuel
- Average Cost of a new car $2,850.00
- Bacon for 1LB .67 cents
- Eggs per dozen .30 cents
•The farthing coin, used since the 13th century, ceases to be legal tender in the United Kingdom.
•British satirical magazine Private Eye is published for first time
•The Pony become a popular dance
•Black and white 5 pound notes cease to be legal tender in the UK
•The Guns of Navarone
•The Parent Trap
•The Absent-Minded Professor
•Breakfast at Tiffany's
•West Side Story
• Wagon Train
• The Red Skelton Show
• Andy Griffith
• My Three Sons
•Alfred Hitchcock Presents
•The Twilight Zone
•Mister Ed (first broadcast in October, 1961)
•The Avengers debut in the UK. But it was not seen in the U.S. until 1965.
Most popular recorded songs of 1961 in the US:
•Wonderland by Night Bert Kaempfert
•Will You Love Me Tomorrow The Shirelles
•Calcutta Lawrence Welk
•Pony Time Chubby Checker
•Surrender Elvis Presley
•Yuri Gagarin is the first human in space.
•The First inflight movie is shown on TWA
•The First electric toothbrush is produced Squibb Co.
•Alan Shepard makes first US Space Flight
•Niagra Falls starts producing hydroelectric power
•The first quasar is discovered by Allan Sandage at Mt Palomar, California
•IBM introduces the Selectric typewriter Golfball
Computing in 1961
The programming language FORTRAN IV is created.
While operating systems (originally called monitors or supervisors) have been developed as a means of improving the throughput of computers in the late 1950s, the users are frustrated by their lack of intimacy with the computer.
To solve this problem and return the control of the computer back in the hands of the user. Fernando CorbatÃ³, MIT, produces CTSS (Compatible Time Sharing System) for the IBM 7090/94, the first effective time-sharing system and coincidentally the first means of remote access to a computer since Stibitz's demonstration in 1940.(20) The 7090 is a transistorized version of the IBM 709 which was a very popular high end computer in the early 1960s. The 7090 had 32Kbytes of 36-bit core memory and a hardware floating point unit. Fortran was its most popular language, but it supported many others. It was later upgraded to the IBM 7094, and a scaled down version, the IBM 7040 was also introduced.
IBM 7090s controlled the Mercury and Gemini space flights, the Ballistic Missile Early Warning System (until well into the 1980s), and the CTSS time sharing system at MIT. The 7090 was not good at unit record I/O, so in small configurations an IBM 1401 was used for SPOOL I/O and in large configurations (such as a 7090/94) a 7040/44 would be directly coupled and dedicated to handling printers and card readers. (See the film Dr Strangelove). (25)
The first commercial Integrated Circuit is put on the market by Fairchild Semi Conductor.
Charles Bachman at General Electric Co. develops the first successful database management system.
Bachman's integrated data store (IDS) featured data schemas and logging. But it ran only on GE mainframes, could use only a single file for the database, and all generation of data tables had to be hand-coded.
One customer, BF Goodrich Chemical Co., eventually had to rewrite the entire system to make it usable, calling the result integrated data management system (IDMS).(31)
Steven Hofstein develops the Field Effect Transistor that will be used in the MOS integrated circuits.
The IBM Stretch computer is an advanced computer.
With this computer IBM will develop and experiment with techniques like the 'look ahead', pipe lining and overlap of instructions, fault control and the "8 bits-byte". In other words multiprogramming is now possible. The Stretch is delivered to the Los Alamos (USA) atomic research center and will remain operational until 1971.
The Scientific Computer and Modulator Processor (SCAMP) is IBM's first operating computer to use the concept of microprogram control, and Hursley's(22) first processor project. (21)
Georg C. Devol patents a robotic device, which Unimation soon markets as the first industrial robot.
It is first used to automate the manufacturing of TV picture tubes.
The first industrial robot is online in a General Motors automobile factory in New Jersey, called UNIMATE.Edited by Enigma8750 - 3/27/11 at 8:00pm