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post #1 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-07-2019, 11:50 AM - Thread Starter
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Choosing Intel VS AMD NAS build

hiho,
i wanna build a nas server. FreeNAS is the system i wanna use. Raid 10 is my goal
I wanna store my pictures, files, movies etc on it. With FreeNas i can create a onlinecloud, but that is just the cherry on the pie.

I attached two builds i thought would work.

AMD has a M.2 as systemdrive. Intel would use a USB stick as systemdrive.

If you have better options/Ideas feel free to help me out
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post #2 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-07-2019, 02:09 PM
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Do you have access to used enterprise server gear? Often, you can get a nice deal buying used server gear, and some are great fit for ZFS/FreeNAS use.

For ZFS/FreeNAS, it is highly recommended you use ECC RAM.

Also, your build lists only 2x HDDs, you cannot do RAID10 equivalent in ZFS with 2x HDDs, you'll need at least 4xHDDs. You can do RAID-1/mirror with 2x HDDs and that will net you about 4TB.
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post #3 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-07-2019, 02:17 PM
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M.2 as a system drive is WAY overkill....

Once the system files are loaded, the drive isn't touched and that drive can't be used for anything else.

RAID 10 isn't really a thing for FreeNAS. And even if it was, like BLinux said, you can't do that with 2 drives.

With 2 drives your options essentially a RaidZ1

And while it's not necessary, ECC RAM is definitely preferred to get the full benefit out of the system

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post #4 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-07-2019, 02:36 PM
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Quote: Originally Posted by deafboy View Post
M.2 as a system drive is WAY overkill....

Once the system files are loaded, the drive isn't touched and that drive can't be used for anything else.

RAID 10 isn't really a thing for FreeNAS. And even if it was, like BLinux said, you can't do that with 2 drives.

With 2 drives your options essentially a RaidZ1

And while it's not necessary, ECC RAM is definitely preferred to get the full benefit out of the system
hey fellow San Diegan! :-)

I believe FreeNAS does write logs, so the boot drive is written to after boot, but not much.

ZFS equivalent of RAID10 is strip across 2 mirror sets, so something like "zpool create tank mirror /dev/da0 /dev/da2 mirror /dev/da1 /dev/da3" would essentially be RAID10, but as we both mentioned, not possible with just 2 devices.

I believe raidz1 requires at least 3 (2+1parity) disks. So in OP's case, the only option is stripe or mirror, not any of the raidz levels.
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post #5 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-07-2019, 11:56 PM - Thread Starter
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Forgot to say, i have 2 wd red 4TB already^^ so in total i would have 4 drives.

The enterprise solutions are nothing for me. They need way to much Power. Wanna hold it under 30W or so, and a server bay would pull way more

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post #6 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-08-2019, 12:22 AM
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Quote: Originally Posted by Streetdragon View Post
Forgot to say, i have 2 wd red 4TB already^^ so in total i would have 4 drives.

The enterprise solutions are nothing for me. They need way to much Power. Wanna hold it under 30W or so, and a server bay would pull way more
There's no way the system you spec'd out above is going to be under 30W, especially with 4x WD red... they will take up at least 12~20W by themselves, leaving 10~18W for the rest of the system? Just turning on an ethernet chip (since this is a NAS) will eat up another 2-3W if you choose the NIC carefully. Maybe if you go with RPi2/3, ARM chip, or maybe one of those energy efficient AMD Jaguars?
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post #7 of 7 (permalink) Old 11-08-2019, 12:39 AM - Thread Starter
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Thought the athlon would be very efficient. Wont see high loads etc.

You have a better low power build? Think the HDD will go in idle over night, because not needed.


found this itx stuff:
ASRock J5005-ITX SoC So.BGA Dual Channel DDR4 Mini-ITX Retail
That would work too..

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Last edited by Streetdragon; 11-08-2019 at 12:46 AM.
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