Originally Posted by b.walker36
China really only has the position it has because other countries use them for manufacturing and cheap goods. The problem with China's economy is that it completely relies on third parties. It relies on them for tech, ideas, and demand. I'm only truly familiar with the United States so I will keep my talk there, but the US could be self sufficient. A break from china would hurt, and hurt a lot in the short-med but it could survive on its own from food, to ideas, to military, to fuel. China can't do that right now, the vast majority of its population still lives in poverty.
While china (for now) relies on third parties, those third parties also relay on china.
The US can't be self sufficient. We have seen that it isn't. Trump tried to pull that off, and the US is fighting him over it. Obama before him made it worse by making things more globalized.
There is very little manufacturing inside the US as it cost too much. If you move back all manufacturing into the US, prices will rise up to the point that the US will just enter a recession.
Breaking from china will take at least a good portion of a decade, until manufacturing not move from china to the US, but from china to india or vietnam. US will still relay on cheap countries.
Now until that maybe happen, china will grow big enough to start and create their own generation of engineers, developers, etc (and of course keep trying to steal tech), that it will be able to fight it.
Also remember that china right now has ALOT of money. And they are using that money to have portions of US companies, factories, even basketball teams (and it is not limited to the US of course). So just cutting ties from china, seems almost impossible in the foreseeable future, unless US is willing to take such a massive hit to its economy (which I doubt very very much).
You still need to remember the internal political struggle in the US. You have one side that wants more inside the US, and one that wants complete globalization. And their current fight with one another is massive.