AMD X570 overcomes the greatest shortcoming of the previous-generation X470 "Promontory" chipset - downstream PCIe connectivity. The X570 chipset appears to put out 16 downstream PCI-Express gen 4.0 lanes. Two of these are allocated to two M.2 slots with x4 wiring, each, and the rest as x1 links. From these links, three are put out as x1 slots, one lane drives an ASMedia ASM1143 controller (takes in one gen 3.0 x1 and puts out two 10 Gbps USB 3.x gen 2 ports); one lane driving the board's onboard 1 GbE controller (choices include Killer E2500 or Intel i211-AT or even Realtek 2.5G); and one lane towards an 802.11ax WLAN card such as the Intel "Cyclone Peak." Other southbridge connectivity includes a 6-port SATA 6 Gbps RAID controller, four 5 Gbps USB 3.x gen 1 ports, and four USB 2.0/1.1 ports.