There is something similar available on many USB-C phones, but as far as I know only a select few micro-usb devices supported video out.
Here is a Samsung MHL adapter that allows a few compatible devices to output to HDMI. Worked with my first gen Galaxy Tab S but one would need to use a bluetooth keyboard and mouse with it. https://www.amazon.com/Genuine-Samsu.../dp/B00NFZ2JDI
Conversely there are USB-C hubs that allow video out and up to 4 usb devices to connect to a single cell phone. I have this one - Hootoo Hub
, which even has an SD card reader than my cell phone can pull pictures and files from.