Originally Posted by rabidgnome229
Add, subtract, multiply, divide, bitwise shifts, AND, OR, XOR, NOT, compare, jump, move...
I think those are the micro ops although I may have missed something
There are also lots of special multimedia instructions... ever heard of SSE, SSE2, SSE3, etc?
A CPU can be made to have any kind of instructions you want, really. It just depends on if Intel or AMD thinks a given instruction would be used often enough to actually be useful.