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post #5 of (permalink) Old 11-15-2009, 02:34 PM - Thread Starter
Lige
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Internet Addressing

 

At a residential connection, to interact and communicate with anyone you will need an Internet Protocol Address (IP Address). Each country and region are leased a certain range of numbers which are given to the Regional Internet Registry. The Regional Internet Registry is then responsible for handing out these lease ranges to Local Internet Registries or the National Service Registries, which then hand them out to Internet Service Providers, and then the ISP leases them to the consumer. This forms a hierarchical pyramid, always leading back up the IANA.

A full log of how the IP Prefixes are set up are listed here in plain text or here in XML format. They are copied here and put in a code tag below:

 

Warning: Spoiler! (Click to show)
Code:
Prefix                  Designation                    Date         Whois       Status [1]    Note
   000/8  IANA - Local Identification                    1981-09                    RESERVED     [2]
   001/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   002/8  RIPE NCC                                       2009-09  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   003/8  General Electric Company                       1994-05                     LEGACY
   004/8  Level 3 Communications, Inc.                   1992-12                     LEGACY
   005/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   006/8  Army Information Systems Center                1994-02                     LEGACY
   007/8  Administered by ARIN                           1995-04  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   008/8  Level 3 Communications, Inc.                   1992-12                     LEGACY
   009/8  IBM                                            1992-08                     LEGACY
   010/8  IANA - Private Use                             1995-06                    RESERVED     [3]
   011/8  DoD Intel Information Systems                  1993-05                     LEGACY
   012/8  AT&T Bell Laboratories                         1995-06                     LEGACY
   013/8  Xerox Corporation                              1991-09                     LEGACY
   014/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED   [4]
   015/8  Hewlett-Packard Company                        1994-07                     LEGACY
   016/8  Digital Equipment Corporation                  1994-11                     LEGACY
   017/8  Apple Computer Inc.                            1992-07                     LEGACY
   018/8  MIT                                            1994-01                     LEGACY
   019/8  Ford Motor Company                             1995-05                     LEGACY
   020/8  Computer Sciences Corporation                  1994-10                     LEGACY
   021/8  DDN-RVN                                        1991-07                     LEGACY
   022/8  Defense Information Systems Agency             1993-05                     LEGACY
   023/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   024/8  ARIN                                           2001-05  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   025/8  UK Ministry of Defence                         1995-01  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   026/8  Defense Information Systems Agency             1995-05                     LEGACY
   027/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   028/8  DSI-North                                      1992-07                     LEGACY
   029/8  Defense Information Systems Agency             1991-07                     LEGACY
   030/8  Defense Information Systems Agency             1991-07                     LEGACY
   031/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   032/8  AT&T Global Network Services                   1994-06                     LEGACY
   033/8  DLA Systems Automation Center                  1991-01                     LEGACY
   034/8  Halliburton Company                            1993-03                     LEGACY
   035/8  MERIT Computer Network                         1994-04                     LEGACY
   036/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   037/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   038/8  Performance Systems International              1994-09                     LEGACY
   039/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   040/8  Eli Lily & Company                             1994-06                     LEGACY
   041/8  AfriNIC                                        2005-04 whois.afrinic.net  ALLOCATED
   042/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   043/8  Administered by APNIC                          1991-01                     LEGACY
   044/8  Amateur Radio Digital Communications           1992-07                     LEGACY
   045/8  Interop Show Network                           1995-01                     LEGACY
   046/8  RIPE NCC                                       2009-09  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   047/8  Bell-Northern Research                         1991-01                     LEGACY
   048/8  Prudential Securities Inc.                     1995-05                     LEGACY
   049/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   050/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   051/8  UK Government Department for Work and Pensions 1994-08  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   052/8  E.I. duPont de Nemours and Co., Inc.           1991-12                     LEGACY
   053/8  Cap Debis CCS                                  1993-10                     LEGACY
   054/8  Merck and Co., Inc.                            1992-03                     LEGACY
   055/8  DoD Network Information Center                 1995-04                     LEGACY
   056/8  US Postal Service                              1994-06                     LEGACY
   057/8  SITA                                           1995-05                     LEGACY
   058/8  APNIC                                          2004-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   059/8  APNIC                                          2004-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   060/8  APNIC                                          2003-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   061/8  APNIC                                          1997-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   062/8  RIPE NCC                                       1997-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   063/8  ARIN                                           1997-04  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   064/8  ARIN                                           1999-07  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   065/8  ARIN                                           2000-07  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   066/8  ARIN                                           2000-07  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   067/8  ARIN                                           2001-05  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   068/8  ARIN                                           2001-06  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   069/8  ARIN                                           2002-08  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   070/8  ARIN                                           2004-01  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   071/8  ARIN                                           2004-08  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   072/8  ARIN                                           2004-08  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   073/8  ARIN                                           2005-03  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   074/8  ARIN                                           2005-06  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   075/8  ARIN                                           2005-06  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   076/8  ARIN                                           2005-06  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   077/8  RIPE NCC                                       2006-08  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   078/8  RIPE NCC                                       2006-08  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   079/8  RIPE NCC                                       2006-08  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   080/8  RIPE NCC                                       2001-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   081/8  RIPE NCC                                       2001-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   082/8  RIPE NCC                                       2002-11  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   083/8  RIPE NCC                                       2003-11  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   084/8  RIPE NCC                                       2003-11  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   085/8  RIPE NCC                                       2004-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   086/8  RIPE NCC                                       2004-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   087/8  RIPE NCC                                       2004-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   088/8  RIPE NCC                                       2004-04  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   089/8  RIPE NCC                                       2005-06  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   090/8  RIPE NCC                                       2005-06  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   091/8  RIPE NCC                                       2005-06  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   092/8  RIPE NCC                                       2007-03  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   093/8  RIPE NCC                                       2007-03  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   094/8  RIPE NCC                                       2007-07  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   095/8  RIPE NCC                                       2007-07  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   096/8  ARIN                                           2006-10  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   097/8  ARIN                                           2006-10  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   098/8  ARIN                                           2006-10  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   099/8  ARIN                                           2006-10  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   100/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   101/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   102/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   103/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   104/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   105/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   106/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   107/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   108/8  ARIN                                           2008-12  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   109/8  RIPE NCC                                       2009-01  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   110/8  APNIC                                          2008-11  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   111/8  APNIC                                          2008-11  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   112/8  APNIC                                          2008-05  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   113/8  APNIC                                          2008-05  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   114/8  APNIC                                          2007-10  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   115/8  APNIC                                          2007-10  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   116/8  APNIC                                          2007-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   117/8  APNIC                                          2007-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   118/8  APNIC                                          2007-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   119/8  APNIC                                          2007-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   120/8  APNIC                                          2007-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   121/8  APNIC                                          2006-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   122/8  APNIC                                          2006-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   123/8  APNIC                                          2006-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   124/8  APNIC                                          2005-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   125/8  APNIC                                          2005-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   126/8  APNIC                                          2005-01  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   127/8  IANA - Loopback                                1981-09                    RESERVED     [5]
   128/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   129/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   130/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   131/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   132/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   133/8  Administered by APNIC                          1997-03  whois.apnic.net    LEGACY
   134/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   135/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   136/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   137/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   138/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   139/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   140/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   141/8  Administered by RIPE NCC                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   142/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   143/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   144/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   145/8  Administered by RIPE NCC                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   146/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   147/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   148/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   149/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   150/8  Administered by APNIC                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net    LEGACY
   151/8  Administered by RIPE NCC                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   152/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   153/8  Administered by APNIC                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net    LEGACY
   154/8  Administered by AfriNIC                        1993-05 whois.afrinic.net   LEGACY
   155/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   156/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   157/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   158/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   159/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   160/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   161/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   162/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   163/8  Administered by APNIC                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net    LEGACY
   164/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   165/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   166/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   167/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   168/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   169/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY      [6]
   170/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY
   171/8  Administered by APNIC                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net    LEGACY
   172/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY      [7]
   173/8  ARIN                                           2008-02  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   174/8  ARIN                                           2008-02  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   175/8  APNIC                                          2009-08  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   176/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   177/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   178/8  RIPE NCC                                       2009-01  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   179/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   180/8  APNIC                                          2009-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   181/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   182/8  APNIC                                          2009-08  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   183/8  APNIC                                          2009-04  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   184/8  ARIN                                           2008-12  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   185/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   186/8  LACNIC                                         2007-09 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   187/8  LACNIC                                         2007-09 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   188/8  Administered by RIPE NCC                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net     LEGACY
   189/8  LACNIC                                         1995-06 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   190/8  LACNIC                                         1995-06 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   191/8  Administered by LACNIC                         1993-05 whois.lacnic.net    LEGACY
   192/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY     [8][9]
   193/8  RIPE NCC                                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   194/8  RIPE NCC                                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   195/8  RIPE NCC                                       1993-05  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   196/8  Administered by AfriNIC                        1993-05 whois.afrinic.net   LEGACY
   197/8  AfriNIC                                        2008-10 whois.afrinic.net  ALLOCATED
   198/8  Administered by ARIN                           1993-05  whois.arin.net     LEGACY      [10]
   199/8  ARIN                                           1993-05  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   200/8  LACNIC                                         2002-11 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   201/8  LACNIC                                         2003-04 whois.lacnic.net   ALLOCATED
   202/8  APNIC                                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   203/8  APNIC                                          1993-05  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED    [11]
   204/8  ARIN                                           1994-03  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   205/8  ARIN                                           1994-03  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   206/8  ARIN                                           1995-04  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   207/8  ARIN                                           1995-11  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   208/8  ARIN                                           1996-04  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   209/8  ARIN                                           1996-06  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   210/8  APNIC                                          1996-06  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   211/8  APNIC                                          1996-06  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   212/8  RIPE NCC                                       1997-10  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   213/8  RIPE NCC                                       1993-10  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   214/8  US-DOD                                         1998-03                     LEGACY
   215/8  US-DOD                                         1998-03                     LEGACY
   216/8  ARIN                                           1998-04  whois.arin.net    ALLOCATED
   217/8  RIPE NCC                                       2000-06  whois.ripe.net    ALLOCATED
   218/8  APNIC                                          2000-12  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   219/8  APNIC                                          2001-09  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   220/8  APNIC                                          2001-12  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   221/8  APNIC                                          2002-07  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   222/8  APNIC                                          2003-02  whois.apnic.net   ALLOCATED
   223/8  IANA                                                                     UNALLOCATED
   224/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   225/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   226/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   227/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   228/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   229/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   230/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   231/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   232/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   233/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   234/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   235/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   236/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   237/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   238/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   239/8  Multicast                                      1981-09                    RESERVED     [12]
   240/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   241/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   242/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   243/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   244/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   245/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   246/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   247/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   248/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   249/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   250/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   251/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   252/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   253/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   254/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED     [13]
   255/8  Future use                                     1981-09                    RESERVED   [13][14]
Taken from iana.org , for more information regarding the notes field, please take a look at the hyperlinked url above.

 

As you can see, there are several different designations for each range. These are mainly the regional providers. There are 5 Regional Providers, AfriNIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, RIPE NCC. They cover the following areas, Africa, Asia and Pacific, North America, Latin America and the Caribbeans, Europe along with the Middle East and Central Asia, respectively.

The Internet Engineering Task Force is also a high contributor in this process, they work closely with several departments in regards to Internet Standards. Including but not limited to, W3C, ISO, IEC, and other agencies that are either governmental or not. Many of their members also currently have written several RFC technical data's.

Useful content:
http://www.iana.org/numbers/




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